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7 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What is virtual endoscopy?
The creation of inner views of tubular structures by means of virtual reality concepts.
What are the 4 technical requirements for CT virtual endoscopy?
1. data acquisition
2. image preprocessing
3. 3D rendering
4. image display and analysis
What does image preprocessing involve?
Image preprocessing involves the use of various noise filtering algorithms, image segmentation, cropping and cutting.
What is image segmentation?
Image segmentation can be done by the operator or automatically.
Certain images are selected and are windowed appropriately, while leaving other nonessential objects out. Then they are prepared for rendering.
1. Facial nerve canal
2. Round window
3. Cochlea
4. Cochlear aqueduct
5. Hypotympanon
6. Malleus
7. Incus
8. Stapes
9. Pyramidal eminence
10. Mesotympanon
11. Jugular bulb
12. Sinus tympani
13. Posterior semicircular canal
14. Vestibular aqueduct
15. Oval window
16. Vestibule
17. Internal auditory canal
18. Lateral semicircular canal
19. Antrum
20. Epitympanon
21. Geniculate ganglion
22. Aditus
23. Superior semicircular canal
24. Subarcuate canal
Name labeled parts
Origin of the left main coronary artery (LMCA)
origin of the right coronary artery (RCA)
near the diaphragmatic surface of the heart.
AO = aorta
D1 = first diagonal branch GCV = great cardiac vein
LA = left atrium
LAD = left anterior descending coronary artery; LCX = circumflex coronary artery
LV = left ventricle
OM1 = first obtuse marginal branch
RV = right ventricle
RVOT = right ventricular outflow tract.
study heart
1. Falx cerebri
2. Frontal sinus
3. Optic chiasma
4. Infundibular stork of hypophysis
5. Internal carotid a.
6. Frontal lobe
7. Basilar a.
8. Hippocampus
9. Parietomastoid suture
10. Basis pontis
11. Superior cerebellar peduncle (brachium conjunctivum)
12. Fourth ventricle
13. Confluence of sinuses
14. Anterior (superior) medullary velum
15. Locus ceruleus
16. Greater occipital nerve
17. Parietosquamosal suture
18. Mastoid air cells
19. Superficial temporal a. and v.
20. Temporal lobe
21. Amygdaloid nucleus
22. Middle cerebral a., brs.
23. Temporalis m.
24. Middle cerebral a.
25. Orbital fat
26. Superior rectus m.
27. Frontal bone
28. Internal carotid