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30 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Leonardo DaVinci
-nauture is geometrica
Copernican system
-earth is center of universe
Hermetism
-divinity within universe
Ptolemaic conception of the universe
-series of cocentric spheres
- earth is center
- made of crystalline material
- heaven in 10th sphere
Nicolaus Copernicus
- heliocentric conception of universe
- circular orbit
Johannes Kepler
- confirmed heliocentric concept
-eliptical orbit
Galileo Galilie
- used telescope
- observed planets not made of crystalline everchanging material
Isaac Newton
- wrote Principa
- gravity
- universe is " uniform machine"
Galen
- physician
-two separate blood systems
- 2nd century C.E
Andreas Vesalius
-progressed anatomy
Rene Descartes
- wrote Discourse on Method
- about "doubt"
- separation of miind and matter
Francis Bacon
- 1562
- wrote The Great Instauration
- invented scientific method
philosophes
- intellectuals of the enlightenment
- both nobility and middle class
- scientific method
Charles de Secondat
- wrote The Spirit of the Laws 1748
- appl;ied scientific methods to government
checks and balances
- believed by Charles de Secondat
- separation of powers
( ie judicial, legislative..etc)
Volataire
-1694-1778
- criticized religion
- author
- wrote Treatise on Toleration
Deism
- built on Newton machine universe
- advocated by Volataire
- God dissociated from universe
Denis Diderot
- condemed Christianity
- wrote The Encyclopedia or Classified Dictionary of the Sciences
physiocrats
- led by Adam Smith
Adam Smith
- Laissez-faire
-1776
-state shouldn't interfere in economy
-
three basic functions of government
- beleived by Adam Smith
- army, police, public works
physiocrats
- led by Francois Quesnay
- state should leave economy totally alone
- laissez- faire
Jean -Jacques Rousseau
- wrote the Social Contract
+ society governed by its will
- wrote Emile
+ should not restrict children
Carnival
- indulgence before Lent
Methodism
- led by John Wesley
- preached of God's grace
George Frederrick Handel
- secular temparment
- wrote Messiah
- Baroqu music style
Franz Joseph Haydn
-wrote for Hungarian princes
- The Creation and the Seasons
Wolfgan Amadeus Mozart
- The Marriage of Figaro, The Magic Flute, and Don Giovanni
-
Margaret Cavendish
- scientist
- published
Maria Winkelmann
- astronomist
- rejected from Berlin Academy of Astronomy