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18 Cards in this Set

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Nomads
1.A member of a people who have no permanent abode and travel from place to place to find fresh pasture for their livestock.
Bedouins
a member of a nomadic tribe of Arabs
Morocco, Algeria, Tunisia
a republic in northwestern Africa on the Mediterranean coast; achieved independence from France in 1956; "southern Tunisia is mostly desert"
Infrastructure
1.The basic physical and organizational structures and facilities (e.g., buildings, roads, and power supplies) needed for the operation of a society or enterprise
Domesticate
1.Tame (an animal) and keep it as a pet or for farm produce
Hieroglyphics
1.Writing consisting of hieroglyphs
nationalism
1.Patriotic feeling, principles, or efforts
Suez Canal
1.A shipping canal that connects the Mediterranean Sea at Port Said with the Red Sea. It was constructed between 1859 and 1869 under the direction of Ferdinand de Lesseps. From 1888 it was a neutral zone under British protection; its nationalization by Egypt in 1956 prompted the Suez crisis
Monotheism
1.The doctrine or belief that there is only one God
Prophets
1.A person regarded as an inspired teacher or proclaimer of the will of God
Mosque
1.A Muslim place of worship
Mesopotamia
1.An ancient region of southwestern Asia in present-day Iraq, lying between the Tigris and Euphrates rivers. Its alluvial plains were the site of the civilizations of Akkad, Sumer, Babylonia, and Assyria
Fertile Crescent
1.A crescent-shaped area of fertile land in the Middle East that extends from the eastern Mediterranean coast through the valley of the Tigris and Euphrates rivers to the Persian Gulf. It was the center of the Neolithic development of agriculture (from 7000 bc), and the cradle of the Assyrian, Sumerian, and Babylonian civilizations
Persian Empire
an empire in southern Asia created by Cyrus the Great in the 6th century BC and destroyed by Alexander the Great in the 4th century BC
Embargo
1.An official ban on trade or other commercial activity with a particular country
Ziggurats
1.(in ancient Mesopotamia) A rectangular stepped tower, sometimes surmounted by a temple. Ziggurats are first attested in the late 3rd millennium bc and probably inspired the biblical story of the Tower of Babel (Gen. 11:1–9)
Hajj
1.The Muslim pilgrimage to Mecca that takes place in the last month of the year, and that all Muslims are expected to make at least once during their lifetime
Silk Road
1.An ancient caravan route that linked Xian in central China with the eastern Mediterranean. It was established during the period of Roman rule in Europe and took its name from the silk that was brought to the west from China