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107 Cards in this Set

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follicle-stimulating hormone

FSH
anterior lobe of the pituitary gland
vasopressin
posterior lobe of the pituitary gland
aldosterone
adrenal cortex
insulin
islet cells of the pancreas
thyroxine
thyroid gland
cortisol
adrena cortex
gonadotropic hormones
anterior lobe of the pituitary gland (FSH & LH)
epinephrine
adrenal medulla
oxytocin
posterior lobe of the pituitary gland
prolactin
anterior lobe of the pituitary gland
growth hormone
anterior lobe of the pituitary gland
glucagon
islet cells of the pancreas
adrenocorticotropic hormone
anterior lobe of the pituitary gland
estradiol
ovaries
progesterone
ovaries
testosterone
testes
ADH
antidiuretic hormone
ACTH
adrenocorticotropic hormone
LH
leutinizing hormone
FSH
follicle-stimulating hormone
TSH
thyroid stimulating hormone
PTH
parathyroid hormone
GH
growth hormone
PRL
prolactic
T4
thyroxine; tetraiodothyronine
T3
triidothronine
OT
oxytocin
STH
somatotropin
sympathomimetic;raises heart rate and blood pressure
epinephrine
promotes growth and maintenance of male sex characteristics
testosterone
stimulates water reabsorption by kidney tubules; decreases urine output
ADH
increases metabolism in body cells
thyroxine
rasises blood calcium
parathyroid hormone
increases reabsorption of sodium by kidney tubules
aldosterone
stimulates secretion of hormones from the adrenal cortex
ACTH
increases blood sugar
cortisol
helps transport glucose to cells and decreases blood sugar
insulin
develops and maintains female sex characteristics
estradiol
crushing syndrome
hyper
adrenal cortex; cortisol
tetany
hypo
parathyroid gland; parathyroid hormone
Graves disease
hyper
thyroid gland; thyroxine
diabetes insipidus
hypo
neurohypophysis; ADH
acromegaly
hyper
adenohypophysis; GH
myxedema
hypo
thyroid gland; thyroxine
diabetes mellitus
hypo
pancreas; insulin
Addison disease
hypo
adrenal cortex; aldosterone and cortisol
gigantism
hyper
adenohypophysis; GH
endemic goiter
hypo
thyroid gland; thyroxine
cretinism
hypo
thyroid gland; thyroxine
pheochromocytoma
hyper
adrenal medulla; epinephrine
abnormal condition (poison) of the thyroid gland:
thyrotoxicosis
removal of the pancreas
panocreatectomy
condition of deficiency of underdevelopment of the sex organs
hypogonadism
pertaining to producing female (characteristics):
estrogenic
removeal of the pituitary gland
hypophysectomy
deficiency of calcium in the blood
hypocalcemia
excessive sugar in the blood
hyperglycemia
inflammation of the thyroid gland
thyroiditis
specialist in the study of hormone disorders
endocrinologist
disease condition of the adrenal glands:
adrenopathy
steroids
complex substances derived from cholestrol; hormones fromt he adrenal cortex and sex hormones are steroids
catecholamines
complex substances derived from an amino acid; epinephrine (adrenaline) and norepinephrine (noradrenaline) are examples
adenohypophysis
anterior lobe of the pituitary gland
tetany
continuous contractions of muscles associated with low levels of parathyroid hormone
exophthalmos
eyeballs that bulge outward: associated with hyperthyroidism
mineralocorticoids
steroid hormones from the adrenal cortex (outer region of the adrenal gland) that influence salt (minerals such as sodium and potassium) metabolism
homeostasis
a state of equilibrium in the body with respect to function, fluids, and times
sympathomimetic
a substance that mimics the action of the sympathetic nerves; epinephrine (adrenaline) is an example
glucocorticoids
sterioid hormones from the adrenal cortex that influence sugar metabolsim in the body
epinephrine
catecholamine hormone form the adrenal medulla; adrenaline
glycogen
animal starach; storage form of glucose
androgen
male hormone; testosterone is an example
corticosteroid
hormone secreted by the adrenal cortex; cortisol in an ex
oxyocin
hormone from the posterior lobe of the pituitary tht stimulates onctraction of the uterus during labor
tetraiodothyronine
major hormone from the thyroid gland; thyroxine (contains four iodine atoms)
adrenal virilism
abnormal secretion of androgens from the adrenal cortex produces masculine characteristics in a female
thyroid carcinoma
cancerous tumor of the thyroid gland
hirsutism
excessive hair on the body (result of excessive secretion of androgens)
acromegaly
enlargement of extremitites (excessive secretion of growth hormone after puberty)
estradiol
female hormone; an estrogen
type 1
destruction of the beta islets of Langerhans; insulin is not produced
diabetic neuropahty
destruction of nerves as a secondary complication of diabetes mellitus
ketoacidosis
abnormal condition of high levels of ketones (acids) in the blood as a result of improper burning of fats.
hypoglycemia
too little sugar in the blood
Type 2
insulin deficiency and resistance by target tissue to the action of insulin
NNIDDM
non-insulin-dependent diabetes mellitus
diabetic retinopathy
destruction of blood vessels in the retina as a secondary complication of diabetes mellitus
diabetic coma
unconsciousness caused by high levels of sugar in the blood
diabetic mephropathy
destruction of the kidneys as a secondary complication of diabetes mellitus
atherosclerosis
collection of fatty plaque in arteries
hyperglycemia
high level of sugar in the blood
gastroparesis
decreased gastric motility
-paresis means slight paralysis
secondary complication to diabetes
insulin shock
hypoglycemic shock caused by an overdose of insulin
thyroid scan
a radioactive compound is given and the thyroid gland is pictured using a canning device
fasting blood sugar
measurement of blood sugar levels in a fasting patient
radioactive iodine uptake
radioactive iodine is given orally and uptake by the thyroid gland assesses thyroid function
exophthalmometry
measurement of eyeball protrusion
symtom of Graves disease
hyponatremia
deficient sodium in the blood
polydipsia
condition of excessive thirst
hyperkalemia
excessive potassium in the blood
hypercalcemia
excessive calcium in the blood
hypoglycemia
deficient sugar in the blood
glycosuria
condition of sugar in the urine
euthyroid
normal thyroid function
hyperthyroidism
condition of increased secretion from the thyroid gland
tetany
constant muscle contraction (resulf of hypoparathyroidism
ketoacidosis
condition of excessive ketones (acids) in the blood as a result of diabetes mellitus