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18 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Antibiotics, chemicals used for treatment of infections such as tuberculosis, were not used until the _____
1940's
The number one infectious agent in the world that causes death in adults is
Tuberculosis
Antibioticss were discover in 1928 by _______
Alexander Fleming
Bacteria were first observed by Anton Van Leeuwenhock in 1673 when he fashioned the first ______
Microscope
Plants and animals are composed of ________ cells
Eukaryotic
Bactierial cells are examples of _________ cells
prokaryotic
Large amounts of waste dumped into rivers causes some microbes to grow to huge numbers, which depleted the dissolved _______ in the water
oxygen
Mitochondria and chloroplasts are prokaryotic cells that were taken up and now reside in eukaryotic cells as organelles, a process known as
Endosymbiosis
Of all the biomass in the ocean, it is estimated that ___% is microbial
90
Archaebacteria a group of organisms that can survive in extreme conditions, are also known as
Extemophiles
Microbes can be used to extract metals from ore, A process know as
Bioleaching
Briefly explain the history of tuberculosis throughout human history
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Briefly explain the 2 stop process of tuberculosis infection
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How does multi-drug antibiotic resistance develop in bacteria such as tuberculosis
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Compare and contrast eukaryotic cells and prokaryotic cells. How do they differ and how are they similar?
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Explain how dumping sewage and waste into rivers and streams damages the ecosystems of those bodies of water
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How have microbes been used to speed up the decomposition processes in landfills
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What was the purpose of the Bioshpere 2 project, how did microbes bring it down and what insight did its failure give us into the role of microbes in the earth's ecosystems?
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