Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/60

Click to flip

60 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Name 2 Branches of Adaptive immunity
1. Humoral
2. Cell Mediated
Name components of Humoral Immunity
B Cells, BCS, and Antibodies
Name 4 components of Cell mediated Immunity
T-Cells, TCR,, CTL, and Helper T Cells
BCR stands for:
B Cell Receptor
In Humoral Immunity, Antibodies are the ____?
Main Effector Molecule.
In Cell Mediated Immunity, T Cells can only see pathogens through TCR.
True Or False?
True. T Cells can only see pathogens through TCR
TCR Cells Help
Regulate
Antigen defintion and example
Polysacharide recognized by the immune system , such as a cell wall or flagella
A subset of a particular Ag, where an Ab or TCR actually binds onto the Ag.
Epitope
Soldiers on a Reconnosance Mission, Fact or Information gatherers.
Antigen Presenting Cells
Name 2 Branches of Adaptive immunity
1. Humoral
2. Cell Mediated
Name 2 jobs of APC's
1. They process and display Ag
2. They Educate T Cells
Name components of Humoral Immunity
B Cells, BCS, and Antibodies
Dendritic Cells and Microphages are examples of?
APC's
Name 4 components of Cell mediated Immunity
T-Cells, TCR,, CTL, and Helper T Cells
MHC class I presents:
Antigens from the INSIDE of the Cell
BCR stands for:
B Cell Receptor
MHC Class II presents:
Antigens from the OUTSIDE of the cell
In Humoral Immunity, Antibodies are the ____?
Main Effector Molecule.
MHC Class I is recognized by:
CTL (cyto-toxic T Cells)/CD8 + T-Cells
In Cell Mediated Immunity, T Cells can only see pathogens through TCR.
True Or False?
True. T Cells can only see pathogens through TCR
TCR Cells Help
Regulate
Antigen defintion and example
Polysacharide recognized by the immune system , such as a cell wall or flagella
A subset of a particular Ag, where an Ab or TCR actually binds onto the Ag.
Epitope
Soldiers on a Reconnosance Mission, Fact or Information gatherers.
Antigen Presenting Cells
Name 2 jobs of APC's
1. They process and display Ag
2. They Educate T Cells
Dendritic Cells and Microphages are examples of?
APC's
MHC class I presents:
Antigens from the INSIDE of the Cell
MHC Class II presents:
Antigens from the OUTSIDE of the cell
MHC Class I is recognized by:
CTL (cyto-toxic T Cells)/CD8 + T-Cells
MHC Clas II cells are recognized by:
T-Helper Cells/CD4
Plasma Cells
Plasma Cells Secrete antibodies into circulation
Fab area of a typical antibody molecule does this.
Binds Antigens
Monomer, Protects Baby, can activate compliment, the most plentiful (80%) Can Cross placenta, Most Stable, like 1/2 life of 23 days.
IgG
Pentamer, 5 binding sites, First Ab made during an infection, 2nd site that can activate compliment, or classical, pathway, Can be found on surface of B Cells, Good At Glutenation
IgM
Dimer, found in secretionsand mucous, breast milk
IgA
Monomer, Can be found on surface of B Cells surface, blood , and lymph, presence on surface of B cells helps inititiation of immune response
IgD
Monomer, Allergic Reactions
IgE
Effects of Ab Binding
1. Aglutination
2. Nuetralization
3. Activation of Compliment
4. Opsonization
5. Ab-Dependant (ADCC)
MHC Clas II cells are recognized by:
T-Helper Cells/CD4
Agglutination
Reduces number of infectious units to be dealt with.
Plasma Cells
Plasma Cells Secrete antibodies into circulation
Nuetralization
When Ab binds, it prevents pathogens from binding and causing infection
Activation of Compliment
Causes inflamation and Lysis
Fab area of a typical antibody molecule does this.
Binds Antigens
Monomer, Protects Baby, can activate compliment, the most plentiful (80%) Can Cross placenta, Most Stable, like 1/2 life of 23 days.
IgG
Opsonization
Bacteria is Coated w/ Ab, receptors notice it right away (Bulls Eye for Microphages & Nuetraphils)
Pentamer, 5 binding sites, First Ab made during an infection, 2nd site that can activate compliment, or classical, pathway, Can be found on surface of B Cells, Good At Glutenation
IgM
Ab dependant (ACDD)
NK cells recognize FC, Portion of an Ab bound to a bacteria, realeases an enzyme, and kills it.
Dimer, found in secretionsand mucous, breast milk
IgA
AB Titer
The relative amount of an antibody in a serum
Monomer, Can be found on surface of B Cells surface, blood , and lymph, presence on surface of B cells helps inititiation of immune response
IgD
Monomer, Allergic Reactions
IgE
Effects of Ab Binding
1. Aglutination
2. Nuetralization
3. Activation of Compliment
4. Opsonization
5. Ab-Dependant (ADCC)
Agglutination
Reduces number of infectious units to be dealt with.
Nuetralization
When Ab binds, it prevents pathogens from binding and causing infection
Activation of Compliment
Causes inflamation and Lysis
Opsonization
Bacteria is Coated w/ Ab, receptors notice it right away (Bulls Eye for Microphages & Nuetraphils)
Ab dependant (ACDD)
NK cells recognize FC, Portion of an Ab bound to a bacteria, realeases an enzyme, and kills it.
AB Titer
The relative amount of an antibody in a serum