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53 Cards in this Set

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Totalitarian
A government that exerts total control over the nation and citinzens' lives.
Fascism
Political philosophy that emphasizes the importance of the nation or an ethnic group, and the supreme authority of the leader over that of the individual.
Purge
In political terms, the process of removing enemies and undesirable individuals from power.
Nazism
An extreme form of fascism shaped by Adolf Hitler's finatical ideas about German nationalism and racial superiority.
Axis Powers
In World War II, Germany, Italy, and Japan.
Appeasement
Policy of giving into a competitor's demands in order to preserve the peace.
blitzkrieg
Kind of warfare emphasizing rapid and mechanized movement; used by Germany during World War II.
collaboration
Close cooperation
Resistance
Movement in France that opposed German occupation during World War II.
Allies
In World War II, the alliance of Great Britian, the United STates, the Soviet Union, and other nations.
Manchurian Incident
Situation in 1931, when Japenese troops, claiming that Chinese soldiers had tried to blow up a railway line, took matters into thier own hands by capturing several southern Manchurican cities and by continuing to take over the country even after Chinese troops had withdrawn.
puppet state
A supposedely independent country under the control of a powerful neighbor.
Burma Road
A 700-mile-long highway linking Burma(present day Myanmar) to China.
Greater East Asia Co-Prosperity Sphere
As announced in 1940 by Japan's prime minister, the area extending from Manchuria to the Dutch East Indies in which Japan would expand it's influence.
Neutrality Acts
1939 laws designed to keep the United States out of future wars.
Cash and Carry
World War II policy requiring nations to pay cash for all nonmilitary goods and to be responsible for transporting the goods from the United States.
America First Committee
Group formed in 1940 by isolationists to block further aid to Britain.
Lend-Lease Act
1941 law that authorized the president to aid any nation whose defense he believed was vital to American security.
Selective Training and Service Act
1940 law requiring all males aged 21 to 36 to register for military service.
GI
Term used for American soldiers in World War II, derived from the term "Government Issued".
Office of War Mobilization
Federal agency formed to coordinate issues related to war production during World War II.
Liberty Ship
A type of large, sturdy merchant ship built in World War II.
Victory Garden
A home vegetable garden created to boost food production during World War II.
Atlantic Charter
Agreement signed by president Franklin Roosevelt and Prime Minister Winston Churchill in 1941 outlining the two nations' war aims.
Carpet Bombing
Method of aerial bombing in which large numbers of bombs are dropped over a wide area.
D-Day
Code name for the allied invasion of France on June 6, 1944.
Battle of the Bulge
World War II battle in which German forces launched a final counterattack in the west.
Anti-Semitism
Hostility or descrimination toward Jews.
Holocaust
Nazi Germany's systematic attempt to murder all European Jews.
Concentration Camp
A place where political prisoners are confined, usually under harsh conditions.
Kristallnacht
The name given to the night of violence on November 9, 1938, when Nazi storm troopers looted and destroyed Jewish homes, buisnesses, and synagouges and arrested thousands of Jews in Germany and Austria.
Warsaw Ghetto
An area of Warsaw sealed of by the Nazis to confine the Jewish population, forcing them into poor, unsanitary conditions.
Wannsee Conference
1942 Conferenece in Germany concerning the plan to murder European Jews.
Genocide
Orginized killing of an entire people.
Death Camp
In World War II, a German camp created solely for the puorpose of Mass Murder.
War Refugee Board (WRB)
Federal agency created in 1944 to try to help people threatened with murder by the Nazis.
Nuremberg Trials
Series of trials in 1945 conducted by an International Military Tribunal in which former Nazi leaders were charged with crimes against peace, crimes against humanity, and war crimes.
Bataan Death March
Brutal March of American and Filipino prisoners by Japenese soldiers in 1942.
Geneva Convention
A set of international standards of conduct for treating prisoners of war, established in 1929.
Battle of the Coral Sea
1942 World War II battle between American and Japanese aircraft.
Battle of Midway
1942 World War II battle between the United States and Japan, a turning point in the war in the Pacific.
Battle of Guadalcanal
1942-1943 World War II battle between the United States and Japan.
Island-Hopping
A military strategy used during World War II that involved selectively attacking specific enemy-held islands and bypassing others.
Battle of Leyte Gulf
1944 World War II battle between the United States and Japan.
Kamikaze
In World War II, a Japanese suicide plane.
Battle of Iwo Jima
1945 World War II battle between the United States and Japan.
Battle of Okinawa
1945 World War II battle between the United States and Japan.
Manhattan Project
Secret American program during World War II to develop a nuclear bomb.
Congress of Racial Equality (CORE)
Orginizations founded by pacifists in 1942 to promote racial equality through peaceful means.
Bracero
A term used in 1942 to describe Mexican farm laborers brought to the United States.
Barrio
A Spainish-speaking neighborhood.
Interned
Confined
Nisei
A Japanese American whose parents were born in Japan.