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16 Cards in this Set

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Johannes Kepler
He discovered the laws of planetary motion, including the important fact of elliptical orbits
Aristotle
This famous Greek thinker's ideas about nature were at the center of the medieval cosmology that Ptolemy solidified with his geocentric theory
Hermetic Literature
This tradition emphasized the mathematical and magical characteristics of nature
Robert Boyle
This English scientist argued that students of chemistry should do lots of experiments; he also favored an atomic theory of matter
Spinoza
This jewish thinker was accused by his contemporaries of being an atheist because according to them he read and thought too much about science
Ptolemy
Produced the Almagest, a handbook of greek astronomy based on the theories of Aristotle
Neo-Platonists
In addition to the humanist study was the study of philosophy, mthematics, music , greek and latin and Arabic. The were a revival of Plato
Copernicus
Broke the tradtional truth thought in universities, and be came convinced that the sun was at the center of the universe. He undermined the system of medievak cosmology and made possible the birth of modern astronomy
tycho Brahe
he built the finest observatory in europe, practicing astronomer
Principica Mathematica
Iaac newton published his findings in this successful book. It marked monumental achievements in the history of science
Isaac newton
formulated the mathematics or the unicersal law of gravitaion and the nature of light. He is aslo accredited for his 3 laws that explained matter and motion
Paracelsus
introduced the concept of diagnostic medicine. His treatments relied on chemicals instead of bloodletting and astromical positioning
Andreas Vesalius
Belgian surdeon who publised the structure of the human body. He argued for the observation of the body by anatomical dissection
William Harvey
announced that he had discovered the circulation of blood, he compared the heart to a mechanical pump
Francis Bacon
magical and mythical arts, he argued that science need to be open
Madame Du chatelet
she tanslated the principia into french which allowed the newtonian science into france