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9 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
What is meant by a 'heliocentric' view of the universe?
That the sun is the center of the universe.
What was the relationship between science in religion during the 17th century?
Science didn't try to disprove religion, but was trying to prove the existance of God.
What did Copernicus and Galileo contribute to the revolution in science?
Copernicus - said that earth revolved around the sun.
Galileo - discovered celestial bodies, idea of distance between the starts, saw sunspots, discovered the moons orbiting Jupiter, and proved earth was only a planet.
Why was Copernicus careful about what he printed?
Because he didn't want to break with the church, but wanted to show God's design.
Why was Galileo accused of heresy?
The church said that he was pushing his ideas too far.
Who's ideas filled the gap between Copernicus and Galileo?
Tycho and Kepler.
Tycho - thought planets revolved around sun, and that all of that revolved around earth.
Kepler - thought that planetary paths were eliptical.
Why were advancements on Galileo's ideas discovered in Europe as opposed to Italy?
In northwest Europe - science and religon were allowed together.
Italy - trial of Galileo made it so that science and religion coulnd't go together.
What are Empirical laws?
Give examples of scientists who used them.
They were conclusions that were drawn from evidence as opposed to absolute statement about how the universe worked.
William Harvey, Robert Boyle, Robert Hooke all used these empirical laws.
What were Newton's ideas about movement?
First Law - an object in motion will stay in motion until another force acts upon it.
Second Law - F = ma (force = mass * acceleration).
Third Law - for ever action, there is an equal and opposite reaction.