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25 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
age effects
the consequences of being a given chronological age, compare with cohort effects
ageism
discrimination against someone because his/her age
Alzheimer's disease
a dementia involving a progressive atrophy of cortical tissue and makred by memory impairment, involuntary movement of limbs, occuasional convulsions, intellectual deterioration and psychotic behavior
cohort effects
the consequences of having been born in a given year and having grown up during a particular time period with its own unique pressures, problems, challenges, and opportunities
cross sectional studies
studies where different age groups are compared at the same time
delirium
a state of great mental confusion in which consciousness is clouded, attention cannot be sustained and the stream of thought and speech is incoherent. person probaly disorientated, emotionally erractic, resless or lethargic and often has illusions, delusions, and hallucinations
dementia
deterioration of mental faculties- memory, judgement, abstract throught, control of impulses, intellectual ability- that impairs social and occupational function and eventually changes personality
longitudinal studies
investigation that collects info on the same indiv repeatedly over time perhaps over many years in an effort to determine how phenomena change
neurofibillary tangles
abnormal protein filaments present in the cell bodies of brain cells in patients w/ Alzheimer's disease
paraphrenia
sometimes used to refer to schizophrenia in an older adult
plaques
small round areas composed of remnants of lost neurons and beta-amyloid a way protein deposit; present in brains of Alzheimer's patients
selective mortality
possible confound in longitudinal studies whereby the less healthy people in a smaple are more likely to drop out over time
sleep apnea
respiratory disorder in which breathing ceases repeatedly for a period of 10 seconds or more 100 times throughout the night
time or measurement effects
a possible confound in longitudinal studies whereby conditions at a particular point in time can have a specific effect on a variable that is being studied over time
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advances directive
legal document where an indiv presecribes and proscribes certain courses of action that are to be taken to preserve his/her health or terminate life support. instructions are prepared before person is incapable of making such descisions
civil commitment
a procedure whereby a person can be legally certified as mentally ill and hospitalized even against his/her will
confidentiality
a principle observed by layers/doctors/pastors/psychologists/psychiatrists that dictates that the going on in a professional and private relationhip are not divulged to others
criminal commitment
a procedure whereby a person is confiend in a mental institution either for determination of competency to stand trail or after acquittal by reason of insanity
informed consent
the agreement of aperson to serve as a research participant or to enter therapy after being told the possible coutcomes, both benefits and risks
insanity defense
the legal argument that a defendent should not be held ascriptively responsible for an illegal act if the conduct is attributable to mental illness
irresistible impulse
the term used in an 1834 OH court ruling on criminal responsibility that determined that an insanity defense can be established by proving that the accused had an uncontroalllable urege to perform the act
M'Naghten rule
An 1843 British court decision stating that an insanity defense can be established by proving that the defendant did not know what he/she was doing or did not realize that it was wrong
outpatient commitment
form of vili commitment whereby the person is not institutionalized, rather is allowed to be free in the community but under legal medical constraints that ensure for example that prescribed meds and other measures are taken to maximize the chances of the patient being able to live outside of a mental hospital consistent with principle of least restrictive alternative
privileged communication
communication between parties in a confidential relationship that is protected by statute. a spouse, doctor, lawyer, pastor, psychologist, or psychatrist cannot be forced except under unusual circumstances to disclose such information