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21 Cards in this Set

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What is a *Mental Disorder*?
Any behavior or emotional state that causes an individual great suffering or worry, is self-defeating or self-destructive, or is maladaptive and disrupts the person's relationships of the larger community.
Beyond the DSM, clinicians should also evaluation a patient according to five axes (or dimensions), what are they?
1. Primary clinical problem, 2. Ingrained aspects of the clients personality, 3. Medical conditions, 4. Socio-cultural stressors, 5. A global assessment of the client's overall level of functioning.
What are "Projective Tests*?
Psychological tests used to infer a person's motives, conflicts, and unconscious dynamics on the basis of the person's interpretations of ambiguous stimuli.
What are *Objective Tests*?
Standardized objective questionnaires requiring written responses; they typically include scales on which people are asked to rate themselves.
What is the *Minnesota Multiphasic Personality Inventory, [MMPI]?
A widely used objective personality test.
What is a *Generalized Anxiety Disorder*?
A continuous state of anxiety marked by feelings of worry and dread, apprehension, difficulties in concentration, and signs of motor tension.
What is a *Posttraumatic Stress Disorder [PTSD]*?
An anxiety disorder in which a person who has experienced a traumatic of life-threatening event has symptoms such as psychic numbing, reliving of the trauma, and increased physiological arousal.
What is a *Panic Disorder*?
An anxiety disorder in which a person experiences recurring panic attacks, periods of intense fear, and feelings of impending doom or death, accompanied by physiological symptoms such as rapid heart rate and dizziness.
What is a *Phobia*?
An exaggerated, unrealistic fear of a specific situation, activity, or object.
What is *Agoraphobia*?
A set of phobias, oftens set off by a panic attack, involving the basic fear of being away for a safe place or person.
What is *Obsessive-Compulsive Disorder*?
An anxiety disorder in which a person feels trapped in repetitive, persistent thoughts [obsessions] and repetitive, ritualized behaviors [compulsive] designed to reduce anxiety.
What is *Major Depression*?
A mood disorder involving disturbances in emotion (excessive sadness), behavior (loss of interest in one's usual activities), cognition (thoughts of hopelessness), and body function (fatigue and loss of appetite)
What is *Biplor Disorder*?
A mood disorder in which episodes of both depression and mania (excessive euphoria) occur.
Define *Vulnerability-Stress Models*?
Approaches that emphasize how individual vulnerabilities interact with external stresses or circumstances to produce mental disorders.
What are *Personality Disorders*?
Rigid, maladaptive personality patterns that cause personal distress of an inability to get along with others.
What is *Narcissistic Personality Disorder*?
A disorder characterized by an exaggerated sense of self-importance and self-absorption.
What is *Borderline Personality Disorder*?
A disorder characterized by intense but unstable relationships, a fear of abandonment of others, an unrealistic self-image and emotional volatility.
What is *Antisocial Personality Disorder [APD]*?
A disorder characterized by antisocial behavior such as lying, stealing, manipulating others, and sometimes violence; and a lacak of guilt, shame, and empathy. (Sometimes called psychopathy or sociopathy)
What is *Dissociative Identity Disorder*?
A controversial disorder marked by the apparent appearance within one person of two or more distinct personalities, each with its own name and traits; commonly knows as Multiple Personality Disorder.
What is *Schizophrenia*?
A psychotic disorder or group of disorders marked by positive symptoms (e.g. delusions, hallucinations, disorganized and incoherent speech, and inappropriate behavior) and negative symptoms (e.g. emotional flatness and loss of motivation.)
What is *Psychosis*?
An extreme mental disturbance involving distorted perceptions and irrational behavior; it may have psychological or organic causes.