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142 Cards in this Set

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albino
person with skin deficient in pigment (melanin)
apocrine sweat gland
one of the large dermal exocrine glands located in the axilla and genital areas. It secretes sweat that, in action with bacteria, is responsible for human body odor
basal layer
the deepest region of the epidermis; it gives rise to all the epidermal cells
collagen
structural protein found in the skin and connective tissue
cuticle
band of epidermis at the base and sides of the nail plate
dermis
middle layer of the skin: also called corium
epidermis
outermost layer of the skin
epithelium
layer of skin cells forming the outer and inner surfaces of the body
hair follicle
sac within which each hair grows
integumentary system
the skin and its accessory structures such as hair and nails
keratin
hard protein material found in the epidermis, hair, and nails. Keratin means born and is commonly found in the horns of animals.
lipocyte
A fat cell
lunula
the half-moon-shaped, white area at the base of a nail.
melanin
major pigment that gives the skin color. T is formed by melanocytes in the epidermis
paronychium
soft tissue surrounding the nail border
pore
tiny opening on the surface of the skin
sebaceous gland
oil-secreting gland in the dermis that is associated with hair follicles
sebum
oily substance secreted by sebaceous glands
squamous epithelium
flat, scale-like cells composing the epidermis
stratified
arranged in layers
stratum (plural: strata)
A layer (of cells)
stratum corneum
the outermost layer of the epidermis, which consists of flattened, keratinized (horny) cells
subcutaneous tissue
the innermost layer of the skin, containing fat tissue
adip/o
fat (see lip/o and steat/o
albin/o
white
caus/o
causalgia
albin/o
white/albisism
anthrac/o
black (as coal)/ anthracosis
chlor/o
green/chlorophyll
cirrh/o
tawny yellow / cirrhosis
cyan/o
blue/ cyanosis
eosin/o
rosy/eosinophil
erythr/o
red/ erythrocyte
juand/o
yellow/jaundice
leuko/o
white/leukoderma
lute/o
yellow/corpus luteum
melan/o
black/ melanocyte
poli/o
gray/poliomyelitis
xanth/o
yellow/xanthoma
cauter/o
heat, burn
cutane/o
skin (see derm/o)
derm/o
dermat/o
skin
diaphor/o
profuse sweating (see hidr/o)
erthem/o
erythemat/o
erythema
hidr/o
sweat
ichty/o
scaly, dry
(fish-like)
electrocautery
a needle or blade used during surgery to burn through tissue.
dermatoplasty
skin is transplanted to a body surface damaged by disease or injury
dermabrasion
abrasion means a scraping away
epidermolysis
loosening of the epidermis with the development of large blisters;occurs after injury
erythema
flushing;widespread redness of the skin
ichtyosis
hereditary condition in which the skin is dry, rough, and scaly because of a defect in keratinization
kerat/o
hard, horny tissue
leuk/o
white
plakia
means white
lip/o
fat
melan/o
black
melanoma
this is a malignant skin tumor
myc/o
fungus (fungi include yeasts, molds, and mushrooms)
onych/o
nail (see ungu/o)
unycholysis
separation of the nail plate fromt he nail bed in fungal infections or after trauma
onychomycosis
fungal infection of the nails, which become white, opaque, thick, and brittle
par
near or beside
paronychia is the inflammation and swelling of the soft tissue around the nail and is associated with torn cuticles or ingrown nails
pyt/o
plant
dermatophytosis
examples are fungal infections of the hands and feet
pil/o
hair (see trich/o), hair follicle
philosebaceous
sebace/o means a gland that secretes sebum
rhytid/o
wrinkle
rhytidectomy
reconstructive plastic surgery to remove wrinkle ans signs of aging skin; also called rhytidoplasty or face lift
seb/o
sebum (oily secretion from sebaceous glands)
seborrhea
excessive secretion from sebaceous glands. Seborrheic dermatitis is commonly known as dandruff
squam/o
scale-like
squamous epithelium
cells are flat and scale-like; pavement epithelium
steat/o
fat
steatoma
a cystic collection of sebum (fatty material) that forms in a sebaceous gland and can become infected; sebaceous cyst
trich/o
hair
ungu/o
nail
santh/o
yello
xanthoma
nodules develop under the skin owing to excess lipid deposits.
xer/o
dry
xeroderma
-derma means skin. This is a mild form if ichtyosis
-derma
skin
pyoderma
impetigo is a purulent skin diseas (pyoderma)
crust
collection of dried serum and cellular debris
cyst
thick*walled, closed sac or pouch containing fluid or semisolid material
erosion
wearing away or loss of epidermis
fissure
groove or crack-like sore
macule
discolored (often reddened) flat lesions
nodule
solid, elevated lesions more than 1 cm in diameter
papule
small (less than 1 cm in diameter), solid elevation of the skin
pimples
examples of papules.
polyp
mushroom-like growth wctending on a stalk from the surface of mucous membrance
pustule
small elevation of the skin containing pus
ulcer
open sore on the skin or mucous membrane
vesicle
small collection of clear fluid (serum); blister
wheal
smooth, slightly elevated, edematous (swollen) area that is redder or paler than the surrounding skin
alopecia
absence of hair from areas where it normally grows
ecchymosis (plural:
ecchymoses
bluish-black mark (macule) on the skin: black-and blue mark
petechia (plural: petechiae)
a small, pinpoint hemorrhage
pruritus
itching
purpura
merging ecchymoses and petechiae over any part of the body
urticaria (hives)
acute allergic reaction in which red, round wheals develop on the skin
acne
papular and pustular eruption of the skin
burns
injury to tissues caused by heat contact
cellulitis
diffuse, acute infection of the skin marked by local heat, redness, pain, and swelling
eczema
inflammatory skin disease with erthematous, papulovesicular lesions
exanthematous viral diseases
rash (exanthem) of the skin due to a viral infection
gangrene
death of tissue associated with loss of blood supply
impetigo
bacterial inflammatory skin disease characterized by vesicles, pustules, and crusted-over lesions
psoriasis
chronic, recurrent dermatosis marked by itch, scally, red plaques covered by silvery gray scales
scabies
a contagious, parasitic infection of the skin with intese pruritus
scleroderma
a chronic progressive disease of the skin with hardening and shrinking of connective tissue
systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE)
chronic inflammatory disease of collagen in the skin, of joints, and of internal organs
tinea
infection of the skin caused by a fungus
vitiligo
loss of pigment (depigmentation) in areas of the skin (milk-white patches)
callus
increased growth of cells in thekeratin layer of the epidermis caused by pressure or friction
keloid
hypertrophied, thickened scar that occurs after trauma or surgical incision
keratosis
thickened area of the epidermis
leukoplakia
whit, thickened patches on mucous membrane tissue of the tongue or cheek
nevus (plural: nevi)
pigmented lesion of the skin
verruca
epidermal growth caused by a virus (wart)
basal cell carcinoma
malignant tumor of the basal cell layer of the epidermis
kaposi sarcoma
malignant, vascular, neoplastic growth characterized by cutaneous nodules. Frequently on the lower extremities
malignant melanoma
cancerous growth composed of melanocytes
squamous cell carcinoma
malignant tumor of the squamous epithelias cells of the epidermis
bacterial analyses
samples of skin are sent to a laboratory to detect presence of microorganisms
purulent
(pus-filled) material or exudate
fungal tests
scrapings from skin lesions, hair specimens, or nail clippings are sent to a laboratory for culture and microscopic examination
cryosurgery
use of subfreezing temperature via liquid nitrogen application to destroy tissue
curettage
use of a sharp dermal curet (curette) to scrape away a skin lesion
electrodesiccation
tisue is destroyed by burning with an electric spark
mobs surgery
thins layers of a milignant growth are removed, and each is examined under a microscope
skin biopsy
suspected malignant skin lesions are removed and sent to the pathology laboratory for microscopic examination
skin test
the reaction of the body to a substance by observing the results of injecting the substance intradermally or applying it topically to the skin
ABCD
asymmetry (of shape), border (irregularity), color(variation with one lesion), diameter (greater than 6 mm); characteristics associated with skin cancer
bx
biopsy
Derm.
dermatology
DLE
discoid lupus erythematosus
PPD
purified protein derivative: skin test for tuberculosis
PUVA
psoralen-ultraviolet. A light therapy (treatment for psoriasis)
SLE
systemic lupus erythematosus
subcut
subcutaneous