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42 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Ewing Sarcoma
Malignant bone tumor
Exostosis
Bony growth arising fromt he surface of bone
Fracture
Traumatic breaking of a bone
Closed fracture
bone is broken but there is no open wound in the skin
Open (compound) fracture
bone is broken and a fragment of bone protrudes through an open wound in the skin
Pathological fracture
is caused by disease of the bone such as a tumor or infection
Crepitus
crackling sound produced when ends of bones rub each other or rub against roughened cartilage
Colles fracture
near wrist joint at the lower end of the radius (wrist joint)
comminuted fracture
Bone splintered or crused into several pieces
compression fracture
bone is compressed
greenstick fracture
bone is artially broken
impacted fracture
fracture in which one fragment is driven firmly into the other
reduction
restoration of the bone to its nromal position
closed reduction
manipulative reduction without a surgical incision
open reduction
incision made into the fracture site
cast
applied to fractures to immobilize the injured bone
ostoeogenic sarcoma
malignant tumor arising from bone
osteomalacia
Softening of bone, with inadrquate amounts of mineral in the bone
ostomyelitis
Inflammation of the bone and bone marrow secondary to infection
osteoporosis
secrease in bone density thinning and weaking of bone
talipes
congenital abnormality of the hind foor involving the talus CLUBFOOT
Articulation
Joint
bursa
sac of fluid near a joint; promotes smooth sliding of one tissue against another
ligament
Connective tissue binding bones to other bones
suture joint
joint in which apposed surfaces are closely united; motion is minimal
synovial cavity
space between bones at the synovial joint contains synovial fluid
synovial fluid
viscous fluid within the synovial cavity
synovial joint
a freely movable joint
synovial membrane
memebrane lining the synovial cavity it produces synovial fluid
tendon
connective tissue that binds muscles to bones
ankyl/o
stiff
arthr/o
joint
articul/o
joint
burs/o
bursa
chondr/o
cartilage
ligament/o
ligament
rheumat/o
watery flow
synov/o
synovial membrane
ten/o
tendon
tendin/o
tendon
-desis
to bind
-stenosis
narrowing