Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/17

Click to flip

17 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
Compounds that change color in the presence of certain chemicals, such as acids and bases. Litmus paper is the best known of these
Indicators
Any substance that releases hydrogen ions (H+) when dissolved in water
Acid (Arrhenius definition)
Any substance that releases hydroxide ions (OH-) when dissolved in water
Base (Arrhenius definition)
Any substance that can donate a proton (H+) to some other substance
Acid (Bronsted-Lowry definition)
Any substance that can accept a proton (H+) from another substance
Base (Bronsted-Lowry definition)
Any substance that can act as an acid or base, depending on the nature of the solution; water is the best known of this
Amphoteric substance
Species formed when a proton (H+) is added to a base
Conjugate acid
Species formed when a proton (H+) is removed from an acid
Conjugate base
Process in which the ions in ionic substances separate when acted on by a solvent
Dissociation
Process in which covalent compounds dissolve to produce ions in aqueous solution
Ionization
Point at which an acid or base is exactly neutralized in the titration process
Equivalence point
Point at which indicator in an acid-base titration change color. It is often the same as the equivalence point, but not always
End point
Quantitative way of expressing the acidic or basic nature of solutions using the negative logarithmic values of their hydrogen ion (H+) concentrations
pH
Quantitative way of expressing the acidic or basic nature of solutions using the negative logarithmic values of their hydroxide ion (OH-) comcentrations
pOH
Substances that produce ions in aqueous solution and solutions that conduct an electric current.
Electrolytes
Substances that do not produce ions in aqueous solution and solutions that do not conduct an electric current
Nonelectrolytes
Express chemical reactions involving compounds that exist mostly in ionic form in aqueous solution
Ionic equations