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97 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
-tome
instrument to cut
AC Joint
acromioclavicular joint
-porosis
pore, passage, condition of pores (spaces)
ACL
anterior cruciate ligament (of the knee)
-physis
to grow
ANA
antinuclear antibody
-malacia
softening
C1-C7
cervical vertebrae
-listhesis
slipping
Ca
calcium
-blast
embryonic or immature cell
CK
creatine kinase
-clast
to break
CTS
Carpal Tunnel Syndrome
DEXA
Dual-Energy X-Ray absorptiometry (bone density test)
vertebr/o
vertebra (backbone)





*used to describe the structure
DMARD
Disease Modifying Antirheumatic Drug
spondyl/o
vertebra (backbone)





*used to make words about conditions of the structure
DTR
Deep Tendon Reflexes
scoli/o
crooked, bent
(lateral curvature)
EMG
electromyography
oste/o
bone
ESR
Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate
orth/o
straight
IM
intramuscular
myel/o
bone marrow, spinal cord
L1-L5
Lumbar vertebrae
lumb/o
loins, lower back
LE cell
Lupus Erythematosus cell
lord/o
curve, swayback
(anterior curbature in the lumbar region)
NSAID
Non-steroidal Anti-Inflammatory Drug
lamin/o
lamina (part of the vertebral arch)
Ortho.
orthopedics, orthopaedics
kyph/o
humpback
(posterior curvature in the thoracic region)
P
phosphorus
calc/o


Calci/o
calcium
RA
Rheumatoid Arthritis
uln/o
ulna (lower arm bone-little finger side)
RF
Rheumatoid Factor
tibi/o
tibia (shin bone)
ROM
range of motion
tars/o
tarsals (bones of the hindfoot)


7 bones between the foot and leg
sed rate
Erythrocyte Sedimentation Rate
stern/o
sternum (breastbone)
SLE
systemic lupus erythematosus
scapul/o
scapula (shoulder bone)
T1-T12
thoracic vetebrae
radi/o
radius (lower arm bone-thumb side)

x-rays

radioactivity
TMJ
temporomandibular joint
pub/o
pubis (anterior part of the pelvic bone)
phalang/o
phalanges (fingers and/or toes)
perone/o
fibula
pelv/i
pelvis (hipbone)
pelvic bone
patell/o
patella (kneecap)
olecran/o
olecranon (elbow)
metatars/o
metatarsals (foot bones)
metacarp/o
metacarpals (hand bones)
maxill/o
maxilla (upper jaw bone)
mandibul/o
mandible (lower jaw bone)
malleol/o
malleolus (process on each side of the ankle)
isch/o
ischium (posterior part of the pelvic bone)
ili/o
ilium
humer/o
humerus (upper arm bone)
fibul/o
fibula (smaller lower leg bone)
femor/o
femur (thigh bone)
crani/o
cranium (skull bones)
cost/o
ribs (true ribs, false ribs, and floating ribs)
clavicul/o
clavicle (collar bone)
carp/o
carpals (wrist bones)
calcane/o
calcaneus (heel bone)
acetabul/o
acetabulum (hip socket)
poly-
many, much
dorsi-
back
ad-
toward
ab-
away from
rhabdomy/o
skeletal (striated) muscle connected to bones
plant/o
sole of foot
myos/o
muscle
myocardi/o
heart muscle
my/o
muscle
leiomy/o
smooth (visceral) muscle that lines the walls of internal organs
fasci/o
fascia (membrane supporting muscles)
fibr/o
fibrous connective tissue


fiber
-trophy
development, nourishment
-asthenia
lack of strength
tendin/o
tendon
ten/o
tendon
synov/o
synovia; synovial membrane; sheath around a tendon
rheumat/o
watery flow
ligament/o
ligament
chondr/o
cartilage
burs/o
bursa (sac of fluid near joints)
articul/o
joint
arthr/o
joint
ankyl/o
stiff
-desis
to bind, tie together
-stenosis
narrowing, tightening; stricture