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40 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
the generic name given to formal psychological treatment
psychotherapy
treatment based on the medical approach to illness and disease
biological therapy
a goal of some types of therapy; a patient's understanding of his or her own psychological process
insight
an emphatic apporach to therapy that encourages personal growth through greater self-understanding
client-centered therapy
treatment in which principles of operant conditioning are used to reinforce desired behaviors and ignore or punish unwanted behaviors
behavior modification
a behavioral therapy technique that involves repeated exposure to an anxiety-producing stimulus or situation
exposure
and exposure technique that pairs the anxiety-producing stimulus with relaxation techniques
systematic desensitization
treatment based on the idea that distorted thoughts produce maladaptive behaviors and emotions
cognitive therapy
a therapy that strives to help patients recognize maladaptive thought patterns and replace them with ways of viewing the world that are more intune with reality
cognitive restructuring
a therapy that incorporates techniques from behavioral therapy and cognitive therapy to correct faulty thinking and change maladaptive behaviors
cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT)
a pattern of interactions that includes emotional over-involvement, critical comments, and hostility directed toward a patient by family members
expressed emotion
drugs that affect mental processes
psychotropic medications
a class of psychotropic medications used for the treatment of anxiety
anti-anxiety drugs
a class of psychotropic medications used to treat depression
antidepressants
a category of antidepressant drugs that inhibit the action of monoamine oxidase
MAO inhibitors
the generic name given to formal psychological treatment
psychotherapy
treatment based on the medical approach to illness and disease
biological therapy
a goal of some types of therapy; a patient's understanding of his or her own psychological process
insight
an emphatic apporach to therapy that encourages personal growth through greater self-understanding
client-centered therapy
treatment in which principles of operant conditioning are used to reinforce desired behaviors and ignore or punish unwanted behaviors
behavior modification
a behavioral therapy technique that involves repeated exposure to an anxiety-producing stimulus or situation
exposure
and exposure technique that pairs the anxiety-producing stimulus with relaxation techniques
systematic desensitization
treatment based on the idea that distorted thoughts produce maladaptive behaviors and emotions
cognitive therapy
a therapy that strives to help patients recognize maladaptive thought patterns and replace them with ways of viewing the world that are more intune with reality
cognitive restructuring
a therapy that incorporates techniques from behavioral therapy and cognitive therapy to correct faulty thinking and change maladaptive behaviors
cognitive-behavioral therapy (CBT)
a pattern of interactions that includes emotional over-involvement, critical comments, and hostility directed toward a patient by family members
expressed emotion
drugs that affect mental processes
psychotropic medications
a class of psychotropic medications used for the treatment of anxiety
anti-anxiety drugs
a class of psychotropic medications used to treat depression
antidepressants
a category of antidepressant drugs that inhibit the action of monoamine oxidase
MAO inhibitors
a category or antidepressant medications that inhibit the reuptake of a number of different neurotransmitters
tricyclic antidepresssants
a category of antidepressant medications that prolong the effects of serotonin in the synapse
SSRIs
a class of drugs used to treat schizophrenia and other disorders that involve psychosis
antipsychotics
a procedure used to treat depression that involves administering a strong electrical current to the patient's brain
ECT electroconvulsive therapy
a procedure that transmits pulses of high intensity magnetism to the brain
TMS transcranial magnetic stimulation
a psychotropic medication used to treat bipolar disorder
lithium
a side effect of some antipsychotic medications that produces involuntary movements of the lips, tongue, face, legs, or other parts of the body
tardive dyskinesia
an antipsychotic medication that acts on multiple neurotransmitter receptors and is beneficial in treating botht the negative and positive symptoms of schizophrenia
clozapine
a treatment for borderline personality disorder that combines elements of behavioral, cognitive, and psychodynamic approaches
DBT Dialectical behavior therapy
a central nervous system stimulant medication used to treat ADHD
methylphenidate