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35 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
World War 1 started in
Europe
European countries formed two groups. Germany's group was called
Central Powers.
Great Britian and France were called the
Allies
What 3 things led the U.S. to declare war?
1. Germans used submarines call U-boats and attacked Allied ships carrying U.S. passengers.
2. German U-boats sank U.S. ships.
3. Germany asked Mexico to declare war on the U.S.
What President said American needed to go to war? what connection to SC did he have?
1. Woodrow Wilson
2. He lived in Columiba, SC for 4 years when he was growing up.
What is a democratic government like?
1. The citizens get to vote for their leaders.
2. They get to say what the laws should be.
Where did the soldiers train in SC?
1. Camp Jackson in Columbia
2. Camp Sevier in Greenville
3. Camp Wadsworth in Spartanburg
4. Marine base at Parris Island
5. Charleston Navy Yard
The people at home that were not fighting in the war were called the "______________".
home front.
____________raised money for the war. They were a loan to U.S. government that was paid back with__________.
1. Liberty bonds
2. Interest
What "things" did the people at home do to help the troops?
1. They raised money to pay for the war.
2. They make supplies for the troops.
3. they have to provide food.
4. They planted Victory gardens-they grew more food to use at home so the food grown on farms could go to the troops.
What kind of shortages did the U.S. have during the war?
1. They also did without some things so more could go to the war. One day a week was a "meatless day". One day was a "wheatless day" One day was a "sweetless day." Shortage of Sugar.
3. Did without heat every Monday so they could send fuel to Europe for the war.
What things were used during World War 1 that had never been used in a war before?
1. airplanes
2. cars & trucks
3. tanks
World War I (WWI) was fought for _____years before the U.S. entered. It then lasted___________ more years. What was the total? What group did we help?
1. 3 years
2. 1 1/2 years
3 4 1/2 years
4. Allies
Who lost the war? When did they surrender?
1. Germany
2. November 11, 1918
How did the war affect the clothes, shoes and other things people wore?
1. People stop wearing high-top shoes because the army needed leather.
2. Women wore shorter skirts to save cloth for the uniforms.
What were the women doing during the war?
1. Drive trucks and ambulances.
2. worked in factories.
3. filled other jobs to support the war.
What did the women think they deserved to do after the war?
to vote
During the war the SC farms and factories were busy, after the war the hard times were called the________________.
The Great Depression
What war ended the depression?
Second World War or World War II.
What 3 countries threaten peace by taking land outside their borders?
1. Germany
2. Italy
3. Japan
How did the U.S. help the allies?
1. providing supplies and equipment
What are some things that the American citizens did to prepare in case war broke out?
1. formed defense councils in every county.
2.They began to plant Victory Gardens.
3. Raised money by buying U.S. Savings bonds
4. Contributed things made of metal to be used to make plane, ships and tanks.
What did we do here for the soliders that were training in SC?
1. They invited soldiers into their homes.
2. They set up recreation centers.
3. Asked people to contribute games, sports equipment and magazines.
4. Girl and Boy Scouts Collected contributions.
5. SC also put on shows for the soldiers.
What happened on 12/07/1941?
Japan attacked American ships at Pearl Harbor in Hawaii.
During WWII blacks and whites were not segregated any more they were now
intergrated
What other changes happened in the armed forces?
Blacks did the same military jobs as whites. Women also served in the armed forces.
What did the banners that people put in their windows during the war mean?
Families with members in the war put a banner in the window. The banner had a blue star for each member fighting in the war. If the family member was killed, the blue star was changed to a gold star.
What does rationing mean? What products were rationed?
putting limits on the amount that can be bought or used.
1. Gas
2. sugar
3. meat
4. butter
5. shoes
What products did factories stop making during the war? Why?
1. stoves, refrigerators, toasters and cars.
2. used the metal for the war
Tell about the movement of the people during the war. Where did they go? Why? How did this movement effect farmers?
1. They moved to the cities so they could live near their work.
2. Many of those moving to the cities came from farms. It caused problems for the farmers because they needed workers too.
What is a biography?
the story of a person's life.
How long did the U.S. fight in WWII?
almost 4 years
WWII was fought on two fronts- the Pacific and in Europe. What does V-E and V-J stand for?
V-E: Victory in Europe
V-J: Victory in Japan
What is an aircraft carrier?
ships that carried aircraft.
What holidays do we have that help us remember our country and the people that have fought for it?
1. 4th of July
2. Memorial Day-remember the soldiers that died in American Wars.
3. Veterans Day-honor those who have served in our armed forces.