Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/45

Click to flip

45 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
ALVEOLUS
AIR SAC OF A LUNG
AORTIC BODY
RECEPTOR IN THE AORTIC ARCH SENSITIVE TO OXYGEN CONTENT, CARBON DIOXIDE CONTENT, AND BLOOD pH.
APNEA
TEMPORARY CESSATION OF BREATHING.
ASTHMA
CONDITION IN WHICH BRONCHIOLES CONSTRICT AND CAUSE DIFFICULTY IN BREATHING.
BICARBONATE ION
THE FORM IN WHICH CARBON DIOXIDE IS CARRIED IN THE BLOOD, HCO3
BRONCHIOLE
SMALLER AIR PASSAGES IN THE LUNGS
BRONCHITIS
ACUTE OR CHRONIC INFLAMMATION OF THE BRONCHI.
BRONCHUS
ONE OF THE TWO MAJOR DIVISIONS OF THE TRACHEA; LEADS TO THE LUNGS.
CARBAMINOHEMOGLOBIN
HEMOGLOBIN CARRYING CARBON DIOXIDE.
CAROTID BODY
STRUCTURE LOCATED AT THE BRANCHING OF THE CAROTID ARTERIES THAT CONTAINS CHEMORECEPTORS.
CHEYNE-STOKES RESPIRATION
TYPE OF RESPIRATION CHARACTERIZED BY ALTERNATE PERIODS OF DEEP, LABORED BREATHING AND NO BREATHING AT ALL.
CHRONIC OBSTRUCTIVE PULMONARY DISEASE
CONTINUED INTERFERENCE WITH AIRFLOW IN THE LUNGS DUE TO CHRONIC BRONCHITIS OR EMPHYSEMA.
CONCHA
SHELL-SHAPED STRUCTURE, SUCH AS THAT SEEN IN THE BONES OF THE NASAL CAVITY.
DIAPHRAGM
SHEET OF MUSCLE THAT SEPARATES THE THORACIC CAVITY FROM THE ABDOMINOPELVIC CACITY, A BIRTH CONTROL DEVICE INSERTED THE THE FRONT OF THE CERVIX IN FEMALES.
EMPHYSEMA
LUNG IMPAIRMENT CAUSED BY DETERIORATION OF THE BRONCHIOLES, WHICH TRAPS AIR IN ALVEOLI.
EPIGLOTTIS
STRUCTURE THAT COVERS THE GLOTTIS DURING THE PROCESS OF SWALLOWING.
EXPIRATION
PROCESS OF EXPELLING AIR FROM THE LUNGS; EXHALATION.
EXPIRATORY RESERVE VOLUME
VOLUME OF AIR THAT CAN BE FORCIBLY EXHALED AFTER NORMAL EXHALATION.
EXTERNAL RESPIRATION
EXHANGE OF OXYGEN AND CARBON DIOXIDE BETWEEN ALVEOLI AND BLOOD.
GLOTTIS
SLITLIKE OPENING BETWEEN THE VOCAL CORDS.
HEIMLICH MANEUVER
STRATEGY FOR DISLODGING AND OBJECT STUCK IN THE LARYNX.
HYPERPNEA
DEEP AND LABORED BREATHING.
influenza
acute viral infection of the respiratory system that is accompanied by fever and aches and pains in the the joints.
inspiration
the act of breathing in; inhalation.
inspiratory reserve volume
volume of air that can be forcibly inhaled after normal inhalation.
internal respiration
exhange of oxygen and carbon dioxide between blood and tissue fluid.
larynx
structure that contains the vocal cords; also known as the voice box.
nose
specialized structure on the face that serves as the sense organ of smell and as part of the respiratory system.
paranasal sinus
one of several air-filled cavities in the maxillary, frontal, sphenoid, and thmoid bones that is lined with mucous membrane and drains in the the nasal vavity.
pharynx
common passageway (throat) for both food intake and air movement.
pneumonectomy
surgical removal of all or part of a lung.
pneumonia
infection of the lungs that causes alveoli to fill with mucus and pus.
pulmonary fibrosis
accumulation of fibrous connective tissue in the lungs; caused by inhaling irrating particles, such as silica, coal dust, or asbestos.
residual volume
volume of air that remains in the lungs after normal exhalation.
respiration
transport and exchange of gases between the atmosphere and the cells via the lungs and blood vessels.
respiratory center
group of neurons in the medulla oblongata that regulates respiration.
respiratory distress syndrome
insufficiency of lung function due to a lack of surfactant, which leads to lung collapse.
respiratory membrane
alveolar wall plus capillary wall, across which gas exchange occurs.
strep throat
severe throat infection by streptococcus bacteria that causes fever and acute pain when swallowing.
surfactant
agent that reduces the surface tension of water, in the lungs, a surfactant prevents the alveoli from collapsing.
tidal volume
amount of air that enters the lungs during a normal, guiet inspiration.
trachea
windpipe that serves as a passageway for air.
TUBERCULOSIS
INFECTION BY THE TUBERCLE BACILLUS MYCOBACTERIUM TUBERCULOSIS.
VENTILATION
BREATHING; THE PROCESS OF MOVING AIR INTO AND OUT OF THE LUNGS.
VITAL CAPACITY
MAXIMUM AMOUNT OF AIR A PERSON CAN EXHALE AFTER TAKING THE DEEPEST BREATH POSSIBLE.