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24 Cards in this Set

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A critical aspect of social and emotional development is the acquistion of ...
moral values, intentions, and behaviors
Define 'morality'
A set or principles or values that help individuals distinguish right from wrong.
Older children have a better understanding of ______ and ______
fairness and justice
The cognitive developmental approach holds people to gradually develop their own moral codes.
True or False
True
Piaget and Kohlberg both describe moral growth as progressing from internally imposed rules to more flexible internal judgments that take circumstances into account.
True or False
False; externally imposed rules
How many stages are under Piaget's theory of moral development?
3 stages
When preschoolers play a game, the point is to have fun. Piaget labels this as:
Premoral stage
Define 'premoral stage'
Young children do not yet understand cooperative rules and goals associated with playing a game.
What is Piaget's first stage of moral reasoning?
Adherence to rules-obedience to authority (ages 2-7)
Define 'moral realism'
Judgments about morality are based on conforming to established rules set by powerful adults.
What is Piaget's second stage that corresponds with concrete operations?
Intentionality (ages 7-11) Children do not take intentions into account. Increasing flexibility and some degree of autonomy based on mutual respect and cooperation
What is Piaget's third stage of moral development?
Children are capable of formal operations. Associated with punishments. (ages 11-12) Children code their own set of rules
How many stages does Kohlberg's theory of moral development have?
6 stages
Define 'Stage 1: Punishment-Obedience Orientation'
children act under external controls and obey rules to avoid punishment. Their reasoning reflects the belief that goodness/badness comes with consequences.
"Louise should tell her mother about Judy's lie because if she doesn't, Louise is a liar."
Define 'Stage 2: Instrumental-Purpose Orientation'
Morality is based on one's own needs or interests.
"Louise should keep quiet because if she does, then Judy may keep quiet for Louise in the future."
Name the first broad level of moral development.
Preconventional Morality
Name the second broad level of moral development.
Conventional Morality
Name the third broad level of moral development.
Postconventional Morality
At the conventional level, children strive to win praise and recognition for good conduct and maintaining social order.
True or False.
True
Define 'Interpersonal Orientation'
Maintaining mutual relations, approval of others, the golden rule, "Am I a good boy or girl?"
What is the main concern for children in the third stage?
Doing what is right pleases other people.
Social-Order Maintenance Orientation; being aware of social concern and conscience "What if everybody did it?" is which stage?
Fourth Stage
"Louise should not tell her mother because her mom promised Judy that she could use the money to go to the concert and her mom should keep her word. A promise should be sacred."
Social Contract Orientation: Morality of contract of individual rights, and of democratically accepted law.
Stage 5; moral actions are defined as those that reflect the will of the majority.
"Before you can say that Louise should tell her mother, you've got to consider the whole situation. Louise should respect her mother's point of view, but parents' expectations and rules should not violate what one believes to be right."
Universal-Ethical Principle Orientation- morality of universal ethical principles. At this stage right and wrong are based on self-chosen ethical principles.
Stage 6
"One must always do what he or she thinks is right. If that means disobeying your parents, then so be it. Louise ought to do what she thinks a just person would do in this case, not do it just because of emotion or obligation."