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18 Cards in this Set

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The proces in which major portions of a society's knowledge are passed from one gernaration to the next
Cultural Transmission
The Social attitudes and values taught in school that prepare children to accept the requirements of adults life and to "fit into" the social, economic, and political statuses the society provides
Hidden Curriculum
The stratification of students by ability, social class, and various other categories.
Tracking
A form of racial separateness based on laws prohibiting interracial contact.
De Jure Segregation
"In the field of education, the doctrine of seperate but equal has no place."
Brown v. Board Ed/Topeka
A form of racial separateness resulting from residential housing patterns
De Facto Segregation
The exodus of large numbers of White Americans from the central cities to the suburbs.
White Flight
English as a Second Language: the most common way schools respond to immigrant students
ESL
The increasing trend in the U.S. for more and more jobs to require a degree regardless of whether possession of a degree increases job performance
The Credentialized Society
Their report, A Nation at Risk, instigated the current educationsl reform movement.
National Comm./Excellance in Ed.
Conducted a famous study that demonstrated the powerful effect of the self-fulfilling prophecy in school
R. Rosenthal and L. Jacobson
Author of a 1996 survey of 645,000 children that demonstrated substantial class and race differences in educational achievement and opportunity
James Coleman
Issued a report, which bitterly attacked the effectiveness of American education
1983 National Commission on education
Contends that nearly five decades after the Supreme Court ordered integration, the U.S. continues to have two seperate and unequal systems divided by class and race
Jonathan Kozol
Argues that girls possess a different moral sensibility than boys and are discouraged from entering society's most important institutions and honored vocations
Carol Gilligan
Believes the examples of a bias against girls is exaggerated and actually boys fair less well in public schools than do girls
Christina Hoff Sommers
Pioneer in sociology who argued that the purpose of education was to prepare us for complete living, although little could be done to help those at the bottom of the social class ladder.
Herbert Spencer
First President of the American Sociological Association who believed that the purpose of education was to equalize society
Lester Frank Ward