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45 Cards in this Set

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Conjunctions of Purpose
link independent and dependent clauses.

the independent clause (indicitive) + conjunction + dependent clause (subjunctive)
subjunctive form
yo form drop the o and switch the ending
ar - e
er/ir - a
a fin de que
conjunction (subjunctive follows)

in order that
sin que
conjunction (subjunctive follows)

without
a menos que
conjunction (subjunctive follows)

unless
con tal de que
conjunction (subjunctive follows)

provided that
para que
conjunction (subjunctive follows)

so that
en caso que
conjunction (subjunctive follows)

in case
Conjunctions of Time
When an action has not yet taken place use the subjunctive dependent clause

When the event has taken place or the event always takes place, use the indicitive in the dependent clause
antes de
conjunction of time

before
después que
conjunction of time

after
tan pronto como
conjunction of time

as soon as
cuando
conjunction of time

when
en cuanto
conjunction of time

as soon as
hasta que
conjunction of time

until
voy al cine/ con tal de que/ vayas conmigo
im goin to the movie (indicitve)
/ provided that/
you go with me (subjunctive)
los músicos van aplaudir/ cuando / llegue el director
pending action (subjunctive dependent clause)
the musicians are going to apluad/ when /the conductor arrives
los músicos siempre apladen /cuando /llega el director
habitual (indicitive dependent clause)

the musicians always aplaude /when/ the conductor arrives
Los Músicos aplaudieron cuando llegó el director
completed action (indicitive dependent clause)

the musicians applauded the conductor arrived
preterite (completed past tense items) endings for AR verbs
é
aste
ó
amos
aron
preterite (completed past tense items) endings for IR/ER verbs
í
iste
ío
imos
ieron
No Fault constructions
se + me, te, le, nos, + preterite verb + subject.

the verb and the subject must agree in sex and number
se me olividaron las gafas
my glasses were lost
acabar
to run out
caer
to fall
escapar
to escape
olividar
to forget
pedido
lost
quedar
to remain, or be left
romper
to break
abierto
opened
dicho
said
descubierto
discovered
escrito
written
hecho
made
muerto
dead
puesto
placed/ put
resuelto
resolved
roto
broken
visto
saw/ seen
vuelto
returned
la puerta está cerrada
the door is closed

subject + está/ están + past participle of the verb.
la puerta fue cerada por juan
the door was closed by juan

subject + fue/fueron + past partciciple of verb (agree with fue/fueron) + por + person(s) who performed action.
peru
capital lima
lang espanol and quechua
south bolivia
north ecuador
east brazil
ecuador
cap Quito
lang espanol y quecha
sout peru
north col
east brazil