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30 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Acromegaly
A chronic metabolic condition gradual noticeable enlargement and elongation of the bones of the face, jaw, and extremities due to over secretion of the pituitary glad after puberty
andenohypophysis
The anterior pituitary gland
adenoma
a glandular tumor
adenopathy
any disease of the gland
andrenalectomy
surgical removal of the adrenal glands
adrenocortical
pertaining to the cortex of the sdrenal gland
aldosterone
a hormone secreted by the adrenal cortex that regulates sodium and potassioum balance in the blood
androgen
any steroid hormone that increase male characteristics like testosterone
antidiuretic
urine supression
cortex
pertaining to the outer region of an organ or structure
cortisol
a steroid hormone that occurs naturally in the body
cretinism
a congenital condition caused by a lack of thyroid secretion. This condition is also known as dwarfism.
diabetes, gestational
occurs in pregnancy with the signs and systoms of diabetes. Symptoms ususally disappear after pregnancy
diabetes insipidus
metabolic disorder characterized by extreme polydipsia (excessive thirst) and polyuria (excessive urination); this is a disorder of the pituitary glad
diabetes mellitus
disorder of the pancreas where the cells fail to produce enough insulin resulting in the body's inability to properly metabolize carbohydrates, fats and proteins
dwarfism
abnormal develop. of the body. short height, pituitary gland
endoctrine gland
a ductless gland that produces hormones which is secreted into the blood stream
endocrioligist
physician who speacilizes in endoctrine diseases and disorders
endrocrinology
field of medicine
epinephrine
a hormone produced by the adrenal medulla. Important for the body's response to stress
estrogen
one of the female ormones
euthyroid
normally functioning thyroid
exocrine gland
a gland that opens onto the surface of the skin through ducts in the epithelium such as an oil or sweat gland
exophthalmia
abnormal condition marked by outward protusion of the eyeballs
exophthalamus
same as exophthalmia
gigantism
abnormal condition characterized by excessive height due to oversecretion of the pituitary gland
glucagon
a hormone secreted by the islets of the Langerhans of the pancreas that stimulates the liver to convert glycogen into glucose
glucogenesis
the formation of glycogen from fatty acids and proteins instead of carbohydrates
glucose
the simpliest form of sugar in the body
glycogenesis
the conversion of excessive glucose into glycogen for storage in the liver for later use as needed