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46 Cards in this Set

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Albuminuria
Presence of serum protein in the urine
Anuria
Without the formation of urine
Bacteriuria
Presence of bacteria in the urine
Calciuria
Presence of calcium in the urine
Calculus
Pebble; any abnormal concretion. Plural=calculi.
Cystitis
Inflammation of the bladder
Cystocele
Hernia of the bladder that protrudes into the vagina
Cystodynia/Cystalgia
Pain in the bladder.
Diuresis
Condition of increased or excessive flow of urine; occurs in conditions such as diabetes mellitus, diabetes insipidus, and acute renal failure; also produced by diuretics
Dysuria
Difficult or painful urination
Edema
Abnormal condition where body tissues contain an accumulation of fluid.
Enuresis/bedwetting
Condition of involuntary emission of urine.
Glomerulitis
Inflammation of the renal glomeruli
Glomerulonephritis
Inflammation of the kidney involving primarily the glomeruli
Glycosuria
Presence of glucose in the urine
Hematuria
Presence of blood in the urine
Hydronephrosis
Condition in which urine collects in the renal pelvis because of an obstructed outflow thereby forming distention and atrophy of the kidney; can be caused by renal calculi, tumor, or hyperplasia of the prostate gland
Hypercalciuria
Excessive amount of calcium in the urine
IC=Interstitial Cystitis.
Chronically irritable and painful inflammation of bladder wall.
Incontinence
Inability to hold or control urination or defecation
Ketonuria
Presence of ketones in the urine resulting from breakdown of fats due to faulty carbohydrate metabolism; also called ketoacidosis
Micturition
Process of urination
Nephritis
Inflammation of the kidney
Nephrocystitis
Inflammation of the bladder and the kidney
Nephrolith
Kidney stone, calculus
Nephroma
Kidney tumor
Nephropathy
Disease of the kidney
Nephrosclerosis
Condition of hardening of the kidney
Nocturia
Excessive urination during the night
Oliguria
Scanty urination
Polyuria
Excessive urination
Pyelocystitis.
Inflammation of bladder and renal pelvis.
Pyelonephritis
Inflammation of the kidney and renal pelvis
Pyuria
Pus in the urine
Renal
Pertaining to the kidney
Renal Colic
Acute pain that occurs in kidney area caused by blockage during passage of stone.
Renal Failure.
Cessation of proper functioning of the kidney.
Residual urine.
Urine that is left in the bladder after urination.
Stricture.
Abnormal narrowing of a duct or passage such as esophagus, ureter, or urethra.
Trigonitis
Inflammation of the trigone of the bladder
Uremia
Excess of urea, creatinine, and other nitrogenous end products of protein and amino acid metabolism accumulated in the blood; refers to the syndrome associated with end-stage renal failure; also called azotemia
Ureteropathy
Disease of the ureter
Urethal stricture.
Narrowing/constriction of urethra.
Urethralgia
Pain in the urethra
Urgency
Sudden need to void, urinate.
Uric acid
End product of purine metabolism; common component of urinary and renal stones.