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19 Cards in this Set

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sporophyte
a stage in a plant life cycle during which spores are produced
gametophyte
a stage in a plant life cycle which eggs and sperm are produced
nonvascular plant
a plant that depends on the processes of diffusion and osmosis to move materials from one part of the plant to another
vascular plant
a plant that has specialized tissues called xylem and phloem, which move materials from one part of the plant to another
gymnosperm
a plant that produces seeds but not flowers
angiosperm
a plant that produces seeds in flowers
rhizoid
small, hairlike threads of cells that help hold nonvascular plants in place
rhizome
the underground stem of a fern
pollen
the dustlike particles that carry the male gametophyte of seed plants
pollination
the transfer of pollen to the female cone in conifers or to the stigma in angiosperms
cotyledon
a seed leaf inside a seed
xylem
a specialized plant tissue that transports water and minerals from one part of the plant to another
phloem
a specialized plant tissue that transports sugar molecules from one part of the plant to another
sepal
the leaflike structures that cover and protect an immature flower
petal
the often colorful structures on a flower that are usually involved in attracting pollinators
stamen
the male reproductive structure in a flower that consists of a filament topped by a pollen-producing anther
pistil
the female reproductive structures in a flower that consist of a stigma, a style, and an ovary
stigma
the flower part that is located at the tip of the pistil
ovary
in animals, an organ in the female reproductive system producing eggs; in flowers, the structure containing ovules that will develop into fruit following fertilization