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54 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
the consistent and distinctive thoughts, feelings, and behaviors an individual engage in
PERSONALITY
a collction or constellation of traits that describebs the functioning of the person across situations and settings
PERSONALITY STYLE
according to freud, the relatively small part of our mind that we are award of at the moment
CONSCIOUS MIND
according to freuid, those mental processes that are not currently conscious but could become so at any moment
PRECONSCIOUS MIND
according to freud, the thoughts, desires, feelings, and memories that are not consciously available to us bu that nonetheless shape our everyday behavior.
UNCONCIOUS MIND
an unconscious part of the mind that contains our sexual and aggressive drives
ID
the process by which the id seeks to immediately satisfy whatever desire is currently active
PLEASURE PRINCIPLE
the part of our minds that includes our consciousness and that balances the demands of the id, the superego and reality
EGO
the process by whih the ego seeks to delay gratification of id desires until appropriate outlets and situations can be found
REALITY PRINCIPLE
the part of our minds that includes our conscience and counterbalances the more primitive demands of the id
SUPEREGO
the fixed sequence of childhood developmental stages during which the id primarily seeks sexual pleasure by focusing its energies on distinct erogenous zones
PSYCHOSEXUAL STAGES
a tendency to persist in pleasure-seeking behaviors associated with an earlier psychosexual stage during which conflicts were undresolved
FIXATION
in Freud's theory, the first stage of psychosexual dvelopment, ,during which the child derives pleasure by engaging in oral activities
ORAL STAGE
in freud's theory the second stage of psychosexual development, during which the child derives pleasure from defecation
ANAL STAGE
in freud's theory the 3rd stage of psychosexual development during which the child derives pleasure from masturbation
PHALLIC STAGE
in Freud's theory, the fourth stage of psychosexual development, during which the child is relatively free from sexual desires and conflict
LATENCY STAGE
in freud's theory, the last stage of psychosexual development, durin which mature seual felings toward others begin to emerge, ,and the ego learns to manage and direct these feelings
GENITAL STAGE
in freud's theory, a very basic defense mechanism in which people move anxiety-arousing thoughts from the conscious mind into the unconscious mind
REPRESSION
in freud's theory, the ego's methods of keeping threatening and unacceptable material ut of consciousness and thereby reducing anxiety
DEFENSE MECHANISMS
a defense mechanism in which people offer logical self-justifying explanations for their actions in place of the real, more anxiety-producing unconscious reasons
RATIONALIZATION
a defense mechanism taht allows people to express unacceptable feelings or ideas by consciously epressing their exact opposite
REACTION FORMATION
a defense mechanism that diverts people's sexual or aggressive urges toward objects that are more acceptable than those that actually stimulate their feelings
DISPLACMENT
a powerful defense mechanism in which people perceive their own aggressive or sexual urges not in themselves but in others
PROJECTION
a defense mechanism in which people faced with intense anxiety psychologically retreat to a more infantile developmental stage at which some psychic energy remains fixated
REGRESSION
a diverse group of theories descended from the work of sigmund freud that assert that behavior is controlled by unconscious forces
PSYCHODYNAMIC PERSPECTIVE
in jung's personality theory, the part of the unconscious mind containing inherited memories shared by all human beings
COLLECTIVE UNCONSCIOUS
in Jung's personality theory, inherited images that are passed down from our prehistoric ancestors and that reveal themselves as universal symbols in dreams, religion and art
ARCHETYPES
a person who is preoccupied with his or her inner world and tends to be hesitant and cautious when interacting with people
INTROVERT
a person who is focused on the external world and tends to be confident and socially outgoing
EXTRAVERT
an attitude of complete acceptncec toward another person regardless of what she or he has said or done; based on the belief in that person's essential goodness
UNCONDITIONAL POSITIVE REGARD
an attitude of acceptance toward another person only when she or he meets your standsards
CONDITIONAL POSITIVE REGARD
a fleeting but intense moment when a personal feels happy, absorbed and extremely capable
PEAK EXPERIENCE
a descriptive approach to personality that identifies stable characteristics that people display over time and across situations
TRAIT PERSPECTIVE
a relatively stable tendency to behave in a particular way across a variety of situations
TRAIT
a trait theory asserting that personality consists of five traits (neuroticism, extraversion, openness to experience, agreeableness and conscientiousness)
FIVE-FACTOR MODEL
O - OPENNESS
rich fantasy, rich emotional life, action-oriented, novel ideas, eccentric, idosyncractic
C-CONSCIENTIOUSNESS
competent, orderly, duiful, self-disciplined, deliberate, achievement-oriented
E-EXTRAVERSOIN
outgoing, positive emotions, assertive, full of energy, excitement seeking, warm
A-AGREEABLENESS
trusting, straightforward, compliant, ,modest, tender-minded, altruistic
N-NEUOTICISM
anxious, self-conscious, depressed, hostile, impulsive, vunerable
the viewpoint that our behavior is strongly influenced by the situation rather than by personality traits
SITUATIONISM
the study of the combined effects of both the situation and the person on human behavior
INTERACTIONISM
a psychological perspective that examines how people interpret, analyze, remember and use information about themselves, others, social interactions and relationships
SOCIAL-COGNITIVE PERSPECTIVE
the social-cognitive belief that personality emerges from an ongoin mutual interaction among people's cognitions, their actions and their environment
RECIPROCAL DETERMINISM
a person's belief about his or her ability to perform behaviors that should bring about a desired outcome
SELF=EFFICACY
the degree to which we expect that outcomes in our lives depend on our own actions and personal characteristics versus the actions of uncontrollable environmental forces
LOCUS OF CONTROL
the tendency to bolster and defend self-esteem by taking credit for positive events while denying blame for negative events
SELF-SERVING BIAS
a psychological test that asks people to respond to ambiguous stimuli or situations in ways that will reveal their unconscious motives and desires.
PROJECTIVE TEST
a projective personality test in which people are shown 10 symmetrical inikblots and asked what easch might be depicting
RORSCHARCH INKBLOT TEST
a pesonality test that acts direct, unambiguous questions about a persons thoughts, feelings and behavior
OBJECTIVE TEST
an objective personality test consisting of true-false items that measure various personality dimensions and clinical conditions such as depression
MINNESOTA MULTIPHASIC PERSONALITY INVENTORY (MMPI)
a personality trait involving the tendency to use cues from other people's self-presentations in controlling one's own self-presentations
SELF-MONITORING
in the movie how did freuid talk about his pschoanalytic thought?
D) FACT
who was the politician brought up in discussion
WILLIAM JEFFERSON CLINTON