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38 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
an inner state that energizes behavior towards the fufilliment of a goal
MOTIVATION
an unlarned, relatively fixed pattern of behavior that is essential to a species' survival
INSTINCT
the idea that n imbalance in homeostatsis creates a physiological need, which in turn produces a drive that motivates the organism to satisfy the need
DRIVE-REDUCTION THEORY
the tendency for organisms to keep physiological systems internally balanced by adjusting them in response to change
HOMEOSTASIS
a physiological state of arousal that moves an organism to meet a need
DRIVE
the idea that we perform best when we are at an intermediate level of arousal
YERKES-DODSON LAW
a theory of motivation stating that behavior is directed toward attaining desirable stimuli, called positive incentives, and avoiding undesirable stimuli, called positive incentivevs, and avoiding undesirable stimuli, called negative incentives.
INCENTIVE THEORY
a positive or negative environment stimulus that motivates behavior
INCENTIVE
motivation to engage in a behavior or an activity because one finds it interesting or enjoyable for its own sake
INTRINSIC MOTIVATION
motivation to engage in a behavior or an activity bcause of the exterenal rewards it can provide
EXTRINSIC MOTIVATION
Maslow's progression of human needs, in which those that are the most basic must be sufficiently satisfied before higher-level safety needs and then psychological needs become activated
HIERARCHY NEEDS
the ultimate goal of growth, being the realizatino of one's full potential
SELF-ACTUALIZATION
being full to satisfaction-in this case, with food
SATIETY
a level of weight that the body works to maintain
SET POINT
a learned preconception about how a series of events, perceived as sexual, is likely to occur
SEXUAL SCRIPT
forced seexual intercouse that occurs either on a date or between people who are acquainted or romantically involvd; also known as date rape
ACQUAINTANCE RAPE
the false belief that, deep down, women enjoy forcible sex and find it sexually exciting
RAPE MYTH
the four stages of sexual responding - excitement, plateau, orgasm, and resolution; first identified by Masters and Johnson
SEXUAL RESPONSE CYCLE
a male sex hormone
TESTOSTERONE
the degree to which a person is sexually attracted to persons of the other sex and/or to persons of the same sex
SEXUAL ORIENTATION
the sexual orientation in which a person is sexually attracted primarily to members of the other sex
HETEROSEXUALITY
the sexual orientation in which a person is sexually attracted primarily to members of the same sex
HOMOSEXUALITY
the sexual orientation in which a peerson is sexually attracted to members of both sexes
BISEXUALITY
the identity a person organizs around his or her sexual orientation
SEXUAL IDENTITY
a system of cultural beliefs, values and customs that exalts heterosexuality and denies, denigrates and stigmatizes any nonhterosexual form of behavior or identity
HETEROSEXISM
the tendency to respond to sexual cues negatively
EROTOPHOBIA
a desire to overcome obstacles and meet high standards of excellence
NEED FOR ACHIEVEMENT (n-Ach)
a test in which people "project" their inner feelings and motives through the stories they make up about ambiguous pictures
THEMATIC APPERCEPTION TEST (TAT)
a positive or negative feeling state that typically includes some combinatino of physiological arousal, cognitive appraisal and behavioral expression
EMOTION
a machin that measures several of the physiological responses accompaniying emotion (such as respiration, heart rate, blood pressure and palm perspiration)
POLYGRAPH
a theory stating that emotion-provoking events induce specific physiological changes in the autonomic nervous system, which our brain automatically interprets as specific emotions
JAMES-LANGE THEORY
a theory that emotion-provoking events simultaneously induce both physiological responses and subjective states that are labeled as emotions
CANNON-BARD THEORY
a theory of emotion proposing that specific facial expressions trigger the subjective experience of specific emotions
FACIAL FEEDBACK HYPOTHESIS
a theory of emotion suggesting that our emotional states are sometimes determined by experiencing physiological arousal and then attaching a cognitive label to the arousal
TWO-FACTOR THEORY
a theory of emotion suggesting that every emotion triggerrs an opposite emotion
OPPONENT-PROCESS THEORY
male sexual goal
sexual reproduction - pass on genes. sexual desire is goverened by sexual mating system
female sexual goal
sexual reproduction - establish and maintain strong emotional bond. sexual desire is governed by the attachment system, romantic love.
from the movie in discussion, where was the site of a much-publicized hate crime in 1998 against a homosexual man?
LARAMIE, WYOMMING