Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/105

Click to flip

105 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
angi/o
vessel
aort/o
aorta
arter/o-arteri/o
artery
ather/o
yellowish plaque, fatty substance
atri/0
atrium, upper heart chamber
brachi/o
arm
cardi/o
heart
cholesterol/o
cholesterol (a lipid substance)
coron/o
heart
cyan/o
blue
myx/o
mucus
ox/o
oxygen
pericardi/o
pericardium
phleb/o
vein
sphygm/o
pulse
steth/o
chest
thromb/o
clot
valvul/o-valv/o
valve
vas/o
vessel
vascul/o
vessel
ven/o-veni/o
vein
ventricul/o
ventricel, lower heart chamber
heart block
failure of proper conduction of impulses through the AV node to the atrioventricular bundle (bundle of His)
arrhythmias
abnormal heart rhythms (dysrhythmias)
flutter
rapid but regular contractions of atria or ventricles
fibrillation
rapid, random, ineffectual, and irregular contractions of the hear (350 beats or more per minute)
congenital heart disease
abnormalities in the heart at birth
Coarctation of the aorta (CoA)
narrowing (coarctation) of the aorta
patent ductus arteriosus(PDA)
a small duct (ductus arteriosus)between the aorta and the pulmonary artery, which normally closes soon after birth, remains open (patent)
Tetralogy of Fallot
Congenital malformation of the heart involving four distrint defects:
AF
ATRIAL FIBRILLATION
VT
VENTRICULAR TACHYCARDIA
VFib
VENTRICULAR FIBRILLATION
PVC
PREMATURE VENTRICULAR CONTRACTION
PAC
PREMATURE ATRIAL CONTRACTION
CHF
CONGESTIVE HEART FAILURE
VSD
VENTRICULAR SEPTAL DEFECT
MI
MYOCARDIAL INFARCTION (HEART-ATTACK)
PDA
PATENT DUCTUS ARTERIOUSUS
MVP
MITRO-VALVE PROLAPSE
AS
AORTIC STENOSIS
CAD
CORONARY ARTERY DISEASE
ASD
ARTRIAL SEPTAL DEFECT
ECHO
High frequency sound waves are pulsed through the chest wall and bounce off heart structures
TMLR
A laser makes a hole in heart muscle to induce growth of new blood vessels (angiogensis)
arteriosclerosis
hardening of arteries
cardiomyopathy
disease condition of the heart muscle
magaly
enlargement of the heart
phlebitis
inflammation of a vein
tachycardia
condition of rapid heartbeat
bradycardia
condition of slow hearbeat
hypercholesterolemia
high levels of cholesterol in the blood
valvuloplasty
surgical repair of a valve
hypoxia
condition of deficient oxygen
atrial
pertaining to an upper heart chamber
mitral stenosis
narrowing of the mitral valve
thrombolysis
breakdown of a clot
cyanosis
state of blue
phlebotomy
incision of a vein
aterial anastomosis
new connection between arteries
aneurysmorrhapy
surgical repair of an aneurysm
atheroma
fatty substance protruding
arrythmia
heart rhythm disorder
sphygomomanometer
blood pressure cuff
stethoscope
instrument used to listen to heart beat
mitral valvulitis
inflammation of the mitral valve
atherosclerosis
hardening of the arteries
masoconstriction
narrowing of a vessel
vasodilation
widening of a vessel
coronary
pertaining to the heart
arrhythmia
not a normal heart rhythm
cynosis
abnormal condition of blueness
diastole
relaxation phase of the heartbeat
anginapectoris
chest pain
phlebitis
inflammation of a vein
vasodilation
widening of a vessel
cardiomegaly
enlargement of heart
hemrroids
swollen veins in the rectal region
valvotomy
incision of the heart valve
systole
contraction phas of the heartbeat
aorta
largest artery in the body
AV node
specialilzed tissue at the base of the wall between the two upper heart chambers
atrium
one of the two upper chambers of the heart
capillary
smallest blood vessel materials pass to and from the bloodstream through the capillary walls
CO2
gas(waste) relaeased by body cells transports to heart and then lungs for exhalation
O2
gas that enters blood through lungs and travels to the heart.
endocardium
inner lining of the heart
myocardium
muscle layer of the heart
pericardium
sac like membrane surrounding the heart
pulmonary artery & vein
artery carrying oxygen poor blood from the heart to the lungs
angio
vessel
athero
yellowish plaque
brachio
arm
cholesterol
cholesterol
cyano
blue
phelb
vein
thrombo
blood clot
vaso
vessel
CHF
congestive heart failure
CAD
coronary artery disease
MI
myocardial infarct (heart attack)
ECG/EKG
electrocardiogram
SOB
shortness of breath
petechiae
small pinpoint hemorrhages
endarterectomy
surgical removal of the innermost linings of an artery thickened with fatty deposits