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47 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
name 6 antimicrobal agents
1-static agents
2-cital agents
3-resistance
4-terms
5-effectiveness
6-mode of action
-STATIC AGENTS
TEMPORARILY PREVENT THE GROWTH OF MICROBES
GIVE TWO EXAMPLES OF -STATIC AGENTS
BACTERIOSTATIC
FUNGISTATIC
-CITAL AGENTS
KILLING OR DESTROYING A MICROBE
GIVE TWO EXAMPLES OF -CITAL AGENTS
GERMICIDE
BACTERICIDE
RESISTANCE
1- HIGHEST-SPORES& PRIONS
2-MODERATE- NAKED VIRUS,CYSTS,FUGAL SPORES,SOME BACTERIA
3-LEAST- MOST BACTERIA,ENVELOPED VIRUS, YEAST
STERILIZATION
A PROCESS THAT DESTROYS OR REMOVES ALL VIABLE MICROBES, INCLUDING SPORES AND VIRUSES.
USED ON INANIMATE OBJECTS
DISINFECTION
THE DESTRUCTION OF PATHOGENIC NONSPORULATING MICROBES AND THEIR TOXINS, USED ON INANIMATE OBJECTS. WILL NOT KILL BACTERIAL SPORES
ANTISEPSIS
CHEMICAL TREATMENTS TO KILL OR INHIBIT THE GROWTH OF ALL VEGATIVE MICROBES ON BODY SURFACES.
NAME 5 AREAS A ANTIMICROBIAL AGENT CAN ATTACK- MODE OF ACTION
1- CELL WALL
2- CELL MEMBRANE
3- NUCLEIC ACID SYNTHESIS
4- PROTEIN SYNTHESIS
5- PROTEIN FUNCTION
HOW DOES ANTIMICROBALS ATTACK THE CELL WALL-NAME TWO AGENTS
BLOCK SYNTHESIS
DEGRADE CELLULAR COMPONENTS
DESTROY OR REDUCE STABILITY

PENICILLIN-ALCHOLS
HOW DOES ANTIMICROBIALS ATTACK CELL MEMBRANE- NAME A AGENT
BIND AND PENETRATE LIPIDS
LOSE SELECTIVE PERMEABILITY( CAUSES LEAKAGE)
SURFACTANTS( DETERGENT)
HOW DOES ANTIMICROBIALS ATTACK THE NUCLEIC ACID SYNTHESIS- NAME TWO AGENTS
STOP TRANSCRIPTION AND TRANSLATION
MUTATIONS

FORMALDEHYDE--RADIATION
HOW DOES ANTIMICROBIALS ATTACK PROTEIN SYNTHESIS- NAME A AGENT
STOPS TRANSLATION
PREVENTS PEPTIDE BONDS

CHLORAMPHENICOL
HOW DOES ANTIMICROBIALS ATTACK PROTEIN FUNCTIONS- NAME TWO AGENTS
BLOCK PROTEIN ACTIVE SITES
PREVENTS BINDING TO SUBSTRATE
DENATURE PROTEIN

HEAT-PH CHANGE-ALCHOLS-ACIDS- PHENOLICS- METALLIC IONS
NAME THREE PHYSICAL CONTROLS OF ANTIMICROBIALS
1- HEAT
2- RADIATION
3- FILTRATION
NAME TWO TYPES OF HEAT USED AS ANTIMICROBIALS
1- MOIST HEAT
2- DRY HEAT
MOIST HEAT MODE OF ACTION
COAGULATION OF PROTEINS( CLUMPING TOGETHER)
DENATURATION OF PROTEINS
DRY HEATS MODE OF ACTION
DEHYDRATION
DENATURATION
OXIDATION( BURNING TO ASHES)
NAME 4 TYPES OF MOIST HEAT
1- STEAM OR PRESSURE
2- TYNDALLIZATION
3- PASTERURIZATION
4- BOILING WATER
WHAT ARE PROPERTIES OF STEAM AND PRESSURE
TEMPERATURES OVER 100
DESTROYS SPORES
STERILIZES INANIMATE OBJECTS
WHAT ARE THE PROPERTIES OF TYNDALLIZATION
INTERMITTENT STERILIZATION
USED FOR CANNED FOODS
WILL NOT DESTROY SPORES
EXPOSURE TO FREE-FLOWING STEAM FOR 30 TO 60 MINUTES
TYNDALLIZATION
FRACTIONAL STERILIZATION DESIGNED TO DESTROY SPORES INDIRECTLY. A PREPARATION IS EXPOSED TO FLOWING STEAM FOR AN HOUR, AND THEN THE MINERAL IS ALLOWED TO INCUBATE TO PREMIT SPORE GERMINATION. THE RESULTANT VEGATIVE CELLS ARE DESTROYED BY REPEATED STEAMING AND INCUBATION
WHAT ARE THE PROPERTIES OF PASTERIZATION
DISINFECTION OF BEVERAGES
STOPS FERMINATION
PREVENTS THE TRANSMISSION OF MILK- BORNE DISEASES
WHAT ARE THE PROPERTIES OF BOILING WATER
DECONTAMINATES AT 100* C FOR 30 MINUTES
KILLS MOST NON-SPORE FORMING PATHOGENS
NAME TWO TYPES OF DRY HEAT
1-HOT AIR
2- INCINERATION
WHEN IS HOT AIR EFFECTIVE
150* C TO 180* C FOR 2-4 HRS

INANIMATE OBJECTS AND OILS
INCINERATION
DESTROYS MICROBES TO ASHES OR GASES
EFFECTS OF COLD ON MICROBES
REDUCE THE ACTIVITY OF SOME MICROBES, NOT PSYCHROPHILES
EFFECTS OF DESSICATION ON MICROBES
DEHYDRATES AND KILLS SOME MICROBES
LYOPHILIZATION
FREEZING AND DRYING METHOD USED TO PRESERVE MICROBES
RADIATION
ELECTROMAGNETIC WAVES OR RAYS, SUCH AS THOSE OF LIGHT GIVEN OFF FROM AN ENERGY SOURCE
NAME THREE TYPES OF IONIZED RADIATION
GAMMA RAYS- HIGH ENERGY
X-RAYS-INTERMEDIATE ENERGY
CATHODE RAYS- LEAST ENERGY
NAME A NONIONIZING FORM OF RADIATION
ULTRAVIOLET RAYS
IONIZING RADIATION PROPERTIES
EJECTS ORBITAL ELECTRONS FROM A ATOM

BREAKS BONDS
NONIONIZING RADIATION PROPERTIES
RAISES ATOMS TO A HIGHER ENERGY STATE

DOES NOT BREAK BONDS
FILTRATION
REMOVES MICROBES AND SPORES FROM THE AIR AND LIQUIDS

PERFORATED MEMBRANES
GIVE TWO EXAMPLES OF HALOGENS
1- CHLORINE

2- IODINE
GIVE TWO EXAMPLES OF PHENOLICS
1- HEXACHLOROPHENE

2- TRICLORSAN( INGR. IN EVERYTHING FROM SOAP TO KITTY LITTER)
GIVE SOME EXAMPLES OF ALCOHOLS
1- ETHYL ALCHOL
2- ISOPROPYL( 70% ALCHOL)
3- GERMICIDAL
4- SKIN DEGERMING
HYDROGEN PERIOXDE PROPERTIES
COLORLESS AND CAUSTIC
FORM HYDROXYL FREE RADICALS
SKIN AND WOUND CLEANER
QUICK METHOD FOR STERILIZING MEDICAL EQUIPMENT
GIVE TWO EXAMPLES OF DETERGENTS
1- QUATERNARY AMMONIUM
2- SOAPS
PROPERTIES OF DETERGANTS
QUATS- BIND AND DISRUPT CELL MEMBRANE
LOWW LEVEL DISINFECTANT IN CLINICAL SETTING
SOAPS-MORE EFFECTIVE IF MIXED WITH GERMICIDES
PROPERTIES OF HEAVY METALS
INACTIVATE PROTEINS
USED AS PRESERVATIVES IN COSMETICS AND OPHTHALMIC SOLUTIONS
PROPERTIES OF ALDEHYDES
CROSSLINK WITH PROTEINS ON THE CELL SURFACE
DISINFECTANT FOR SURGICAL INSTRUTMENTS
PROPERTIES OF GASES USED AS ANTIMICROBIAL
REACTS WITH FUNCTIONAL GROUPS OF DNA AND PROTEINS
STERILIZES AND DISINFECTS PLASTIC MATERIALS
PROPERTIES OF ACIDS AND ALKALIS
ACETIC ACID
AMMONIUM HYDROXIDE
PREVENTS SPORE GERMINATION
FOOD PRESERVATIVE