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41 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
informal tu commands
use the El form of the verb

come
habla
Formal Commands
Yo form of the verb,
drop the O
and swap the ending

er/ir becomes a venga

ar becomes e hable
Negative TU commands
swap endings and add an s
Panama
Cap Panama City
Cur Balboa
Lan Spanish
Gov Democratic
Clim Trop
Gracias por la ayuda
grattitude

thank you for the help
Voy al restaurante cinco veces por semana.
velocity, frequency and proportion

I go to the restaurant five times per week.
Andamos por el parque.
"through," "along," "by" or "in the area of"

(We walk through the park.)
Él me dio diez dólares por el libro.
when talking about exchange, including sales.

He gave me ten dollars for the book
No voté por nadie.
on behalf of," or "in favor of,"

(I didn't vote for anyone.)
Yo estudié por dos horas.
to express a length of time

(I studied for two hours.)
Se puede ver las estrellas por la noche
to express an undetermined, or general time, meaning "during"

One can see the stars during the night
Prefiero viajar por tren y hablar por teléfono.
for means of communication or transportation

I prefer to travel by train and speak by phone.
Paso por ti a las ocho
to show the reason for an errand

I'll come by for you at eight o'clock
El hombre murió por falta de agua.
to express cause or reason

The man died for lack of water.
estar por" means to be in the mood, or inclined to do something
Estoy por tomar café.
(I'm in the mood for drinking coffee.)

I'm in the mood for drinking coffee
por allí
around there; that way
El hombre salió para Madrid.
to indicate destination

(The man left for Madrid.)
El vaso es para agua.
to show the use or purpose of a thing

(The glass is for water.)
Para hacer una paella, primero dore las carnes.
to mean "in order to" or "for the purpose of"

To make a paella, first sauté the meats.
Este regalo es para ti.
to indicate a recipient

(This gift is for you.)
Necesito el vestido para el lunes.
to express a deadline or specific time

(I need the dress by Monday.)
El tren está para salir.
"estar para" to express an action that will soon be completed

(The train is about to leave.)
Subjunctive mood
used to express wants, desires, wishes, emotions, doubt, uncertanty and negation.
Subjunctive conguations
same as formal commands

yo form, drop the o and swap the ending.

ar - e

ir/er - a
yo quiero que tu vayas a la reuni'on
i want you to go to the meeting. (volition/influence)

vayas because tu form of formal command..
Sentence form for Subjunctive statements
regular verb form of speaker + que (that) + subjunctive verb form (formal command form)
por vs para

purpose of an object
para
por vs para

in order to do something
para
por vs para

deadline
para
por vs para

destination
para
por vs para

future occurance
para
por vs para

indicate recipiant
para
por vs para

leangth of time
por
por vs para

in the mood for something
por
por vs para

motivation
por
por vs para

communication
por
por vs para

transportation
por
por vs para

payment or exchange
por
por vs para

to pass through somethign
por
por vs para

frequency
por
por vs para

grattitude
por