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15 Cards in this Set

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the primary transcription enzyme.
RNA polymerase
the process in which RNA is made from DNA.
transcription
five-carbon sugar in RNA.
ribose
an enzyme that binds to the seperated strands of DNA and assembles each strand's complement in replication.
DNA polymerase
the stating that in DNA, cytosine pairs with guanine and adenine pairs with thymine and in RNA, adenine pairs with uracil.
base-pairing rule
cytosine pairs with guanine and adenine pairs with thymine.
complementary base pairs
a phosphate group which consists of a phosphorus,P, atom surrounds by oxygen, o, atoms.
deoxyribose
a DNA nucleotide containing nitrogen, a sugar molecule and a phosphate group.
nitrogen-containing base
the formation of proteins using information coded on DNA and carried by RNA.
protein synthesis
triplets of nucleotides in mRNA that determine the sequence of amino acids in protein.
genetic code
a group of three sequential nitrogen bases of an mRNA molecule.
codon
the process of converting the genetic code in RNA into the amino acid sequence that makes up a protein.
translation
a region of tRNA consisting of three bases complementary to the codon of mRNA.
anticodon
specific sequence of nucleotides that marks the end of a gene in eukaryotes.
termination signal
a nucleotide sequence on a DNA molecule that, when attached to an RNA polymerase molecule, will initiate transcription of a specific structural gene.
promoter