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20 Cards in this Set

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term
two period of time during which Congress meets
session
period of time during which, each year, Congress assembles and conducts business
adjourn
suspend, as in a session of Congress
recess
a short break often taken during a session
prorogue
adjourn, as in a legislative session
special session
an extraordinary session of a legislative body, called to deal with an emergency situation.
apportion
distribute, as in seats in a legislative body
term limits
the max. length of a temr; six or eight years
reapportion
redistribute, as in seats in a leg. body.
off-year election
congressional election that occurs between presidential election years.
single-member district
electoral district from which one person is chosen by the voters from each elected office.
at-large
election of an officeholder by the voters of an entire gov. unit rather than by the voters of a district or subdivision.
gerrmander
the drawing of electoral district lines to the advantage of a party or group
Continuous body
gov. unit whose seats are never all up for election at the same time
Constituency
the peopel and interests that an elected official represents
trustee
lawmaker who votes based on his or her conscience and judgement, not the views of his or her constituents
partisan
lawmaker who owes his or her first allegiance to his/her political party and votes according to the party line
politico
lawmaker who attempts to balance the basic elements of the trustee, delegate, and partisan roles
oversight function
review by leg. committees of the policies and programs of the executive branch
franking privilege
benefit allowing members of congress to mail letters and other materials postage-free