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48 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
artisans and merchants living in a walled city
bourgeoisie
members of the wealthiest and most powerful families
patricians
practice by which secular rulers chose nominees for church offices and gave them symbols of their office
lay investiture
forbids priests from giving the sacraments to a certain group
interdict
court created by the Church to find and try heretics
inquisition
an annual direct tax, usually on land or property
taille
heavy, wheeled plow with an iron plowshare
carruca
an agricultural estate run by a lord and worked by peasants
manor
wrote Summa Theologica
Thomas Aquinas
chief task was to harmonize christian teachings with the works of the greek philosophers
scholasticism
the language of every day speech in a particular region
vernacular
accused of heresy by the Council of Constance and burned at the stake
John Hus
tried by the English Inquisition and burned at the stake
Joan of Arc
craft business associations
guilds
the opposite of a barter system
money economy
a division in Europe resulting from the election of two popes by different groups of cardinals
Great Schism
claimed that the popes were the final authority over both the church and the state
Boniface VIII
Object connected to the saints
relics
The population increased during the High Middle Ages because of
Increased peace and stability
better food production
new technology
agricultural improvements were the result of
heavy wheeled plow
the use of horses
the growth of farming villages
function of the craft guild
set quality standards
specified methods of production
fixed prices
determined the number of people who could work in a trade
parts of the guild training system
master
journeyman
apprentice
The Cistercians
an order f monks who developed a strict, spiritual order
The Franciscans
an order of monks who led a life of simplicity and poverty among the people
Convents were havens for
daughters without husbands
widows
female intellectuals
Things Pope Innocent III did
made king John accept an archbishop
made King Philip take back his wife
Used the interdict as a weapon
Words associated with Middle Ages vernacular
chanson de geste
troubadour poetry
heroic epic
Consequences of the plague
anti-Semitism
decline in trade
increase in price of labor
King Philip IV
Engineered the election of a Frenchman, Clement V as pope
How serfs were different from peasants
they were legally bound to the land upon which they worked and lived
The struggle between henry IV and Gregory VII
The Investiture Controversy
The Dominican Monks
An order of monks who were highly educated about theology and Church doctrine
Compare two-field and three-field farming
Two-field: one planted, one fallow. Always 1/2 unproductive
Three-field: one field planted in fall, one in spring, and one fallow. Only 1/3 unproductive
Daily life of peasants-diet
What they ate: bread baked in community ovens (highly nutritious); vegetables, cheese, nuts, berries, fruit, meat on feast days
Daily life of peasants- jobs
plowing, sowing, breeding animals, slaughtering, indoor tasks, clearing ditches and cutting wood, making repairs, mowing, weeding, harvesting
Daily life of Peasants-time off
feast days of the Catholic Church, (more than 50 a year), Sunday mass, baptisms, marriages, funerals,
Things Pope Innocent did
Made King John accept an archbishop
Made King Philip take back his wife
Used the interdict as a weapon
Middle Ages vernacular
chanson de geste
troubadour poetry
heroic epic
Consequences of the plague
anti semitism
decline in trade
increase in price of labor
King Philip IV
Engineered the election of a Frenchman, Clement V, as pope
How were serfs different from peasants?
They were legally bound to the land upon which they worked
The Investiture Controversy
Struggle between Henry IV and Gregory VII
The Dominican Monks
An order of monks who were highly educated about theology and Church doctrine
Compare two-field and three-field farming
2 field: One field planted, one fallow. 50% unproductive
3 field: One planted spring, one planted fall, one fallow. Only 1/3 unproductive
Daily life of peasants: Food
bread, fruit, grains, vegetables, meat on High Feast days
Daily life of peasants: Work
plowing, sowing, slaughtering, indoor tasks, cutting wood, birthing animals, planting, harvesting, mowing, shearing, repairs
Daily life of peasants: Time off
Over 50 feast days for Church holidays, plus High Feast days Christmas, Easter, Pentecost
Explain the Hundred Years War. How did it start, what were the main battles? Who was victorious? Who was Joan of Arc and what was her contribution?
ESSAY