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30 Cards in this Set

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Parent-Arranged Marriage
based on the principle that the elders in a community have the wisdom to select an appropriate spouse

More likely to base their decision on: economic, political, and social status considerations- to enhance to family's status and position through their choice

Lineage and family status are (generally...) MORE IMPORTANT than love or affection
Couple-arranged marriage
the couple's choice to get married and for whatever the reason may be
Dating
individual choice courtship
Permissiveness
refers to the extent to which couples are physically intimate before marriage

Having sex before married...
Double Standard
Different standard of social and sexual standard for men and women

Men can have sex with several women; women cannot. Lame!
Mating Gradient
tendency of women to date men that are better educated or more successful than they are
Sex Ratio
indicates the relationship of the number of men and number of women of a given age
Endogamy
culturally prescribed practice or tradition of choosing a mate from one's own group

Ethnic, religious, socio-economic, age, etc....
Exogamy
choosing one's mate from outside of one's group
Has the number of black-white marriages increased or decreased since 1970?
INCREASED!

1970: 65,000
2005: 422,000

Nearly 2/3rds black male-white female
Nearly 1/3 white male- black female
Homogamy
tendency to marry someone of the same ethnic group, educational level, socio-economic status and religion and values
Complementary Needs theory (Winch's theory)
assumes that opposites attract! people are attracted to someone whose personality compliments their own

Not very much support to back this theory up.
Stimulus Value Role Theory:
SVR
Stimulus
Value Complementarity
Role Complementarity
1) Stimulus (magnet)
People are ATTRACTED to each other initially by a particular stimulus- such as attractive physique or popularity
Stimulus = magnetism
VALUE Complementarity
successful stimulus stage, then begin to advance to the value stage of the relationship; assess COMPATIBILITY of their basic beliefs and values.

Conversational mode; religion, political views, attitudes toward money, work, people.
3) ROLE Complementarity
Discussing how they will establish a cooperative role relationship

Discover each other's feelings and behaviors in terms of power and authority
Reiss's Wheel Theory of Love: FOUR COMPONENTS (RSMI)
R
S-r
M-d
I-n-f
Rapport
Self-revelation
Mutual Dependency
Intimacy need fufillment
1) Rapport
process of communication in which two people develop understanding and a sense of closeness.
2) Self-revelation (two-way street)
disclosing of personal information about oneself
Rapport encourages this...
3) Mutual Dependency
a relationship in which each person wants and needs the other person.
Takes time and can change over time
Encouraged by self-revelation
What components surround the wheel theory of love?
(inner ring) L->RC->SCB (outmost ring)
*From inner (closest to center) to outer (farthest from center)
1) Love
2)Role Conceptions
3) Social-Cultural Background
Incidence of reported violence is ____% for women and ____% for men in dating relationships
25% for women
10% for men
Between 1970 and 2008, the # of unmarried couples living together increased almost ____ fold from 500,000 to _____ million
14 FOLD
6.8 Million!!
Among cohabitating couples, about ____ or ____% had never been married, about _____ or ____% had been divorced and the rest were widowed
About HALF or 54%= never married
About one-THIRD or 37%= divorced
Rest were widowed
Majority of marriages are preceded by cohabitation: ___to___% for FIRST marriages and up to ___to___% for remarriages
FIRST MARRIAGES: 60-75%
REMARRIAGES: 80-85%
What two aspects are related to the rate of cohabitation?
Age and individual's parents' marriage

Individuals from divorced families are more likely to cohabitate
What are the median ages for age when married?
MEDIAN AGE:
25.6 for women
27.5 for males
Although divorce rates have declined since 1980, so have....
MARRIAGE RATE! :( By 50%
Types of Cohabitation:
L (Charlie Brown!)
E (Mariah Carey)
C (Clod and the pebble)
T (microphone)
Linus Blanket
Emancipation
Convenience
Testing
4) Intimacy need fulfillment
the satisfaction one receives from having personal needs fulfilled

Leads to greater intimacy! :)