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102 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Cornea
outer layer of eye; transparent anterior part which allows light into the eye
sclera
outer layer of eye; white of the eye; tough protective coating for the eye
uvea
middle layer of the eye
choroid
middle layer of the eye; the inner lining of the sclera and contains blood vessels to nourish the eye
ciliary body
middle layer of the eye; consist of the ciliary muscles and ciliary process
ciliary muscles
found in ciliary body; adjust the shpae of the lens for focusing
ciliary process
found in the ciliary body; produces aqueous humor
aqueous humor
produced by the ciliary process; watery substance which bathes the anterior region of the eye
iris
middle layer of the eye; colored part
pupil
found in the center of the iris; regulates the amount of light that enters the eye
retina
inner layer of the eye
cones & rods
cells that transform light into nerve impulses
refraction
bending of the lens
lens accomodation
the process of the lens bending to see an object
extracapsular cataract extraction (ECCE)
partial removal of the lens and lens capsule followed by insertion of an artificial implant
intraocular lens
artificial implant
phacoemulsification
destroys the cataract by means of ultrasonic sound waves
intracapsular cataract extraction (ICCE)
removal of the entire lens and lens capsule
anterior cavity
contains aqueous humor
posterior cavity
contains vitreous humor
orbital cavity
outer eye; bony depression into which the eyeball fits
extrinsic ocular muscles
outer eye; move the eye in any direction
rectus
straight
oblique
slanted
eyelids
outer eye; shield the eye from light, dust, and trauma
conjunctival membrane
outer eye; thin mucous membrane lining the eyelids and the anterior part of the eye exposed to the air, providing protection and lubrication
lacrimal apparatus
outer eye; produces, delivers, and drains tears from the eyes
lacrimal glands
produce tears
lacrimal ducts
deliver tears to the eyes
punctae
drain tears from the eyes into a system of canals in the nose
ambly/o
dull; dim
coagulati/o
to condense; to clot
dipl/o
double
emmetr/o
in proper measure
is/o
equal
-conus
cone-shaped
-edema
accumulation of fluid
-metrist
specialist in the measurement of
-ory
pertaining to
-schisis
splitting; cleft
myein-
to shut
presby-
old age
pseudo-
false
blephar/o
eyelid
chori/o
choroid
conjunctiv/o
conjunctiva
core/o
pupil
corne/o
cornea
cycl/o
ciliary body
dacry/o
tear; lacrimal duct
goni/o
angle (of the anterior chamber)
irid/o; ir/o
iris
kerat/o
cornea
lacrim/o
tears
mi/o
contraction; less
mydri/o
wide; dilation
opt/o
vision; sight
palpebr/o
eyelid
papill/o
optic disc
phac/o; phak/o
lens
phot/o
light
pupill/o
pupil
retin/o
retina
scler/o
sclera
ton/o
tension
trabecul/o
meshwork; lattice
uve/o
uvea
vitre/o
glasslike; gel-like
-chalasis
relaxation
-opia; -opsia
visual condition; vision
-tropia
turning
-tropion
turning
transduction
converting sound into a nerve impulse
auricle
external ear; the external part of the ear
auditory meatus
external ear; canal that leads to the eardrum
eardrum
external ear; vibrates when sound reaches it
malleus, incus, & stapes
middle ear; (hammer, anvil, and stirup) recieves sound from the eardrum
eustachian tube
middle ear; equalizies the pressure of each side of the eardrum
otitis media
middle ear infection
bony labrinth
inner ear; canals and sacs of the inner ear
perilymph
fluid in the inner ear
endolymph
fluid found in the membranous labyrinth
vestibule
bony labyrinth; consist of the utricle and saccule
utricle & saccule
membranous sacs that are important in maintaining balance
semicircular canals
bony labyrinth; house the semicircular ducts
semicircular ducts
involved in balance
cochlea
bony labyrinth; contains the cochlear duct
cochlear duct
a membranous structure responsible for hearing
conductive deafness
caused by obstuction of the path traveled by sound waves from the external ear to the inner ear (earwax or a foreign body)
sensorineural deafness
damage to the auditory nerve or cochlea, causing failure of nerve stimuli to be sent to the brain from the inner ear
audi/o
hearing
audit/o
hearing
aur/o
ear
cochle/o
cochlea
labyrinth/o
inner ear; labyrinth
myring/o
tympanic membrane; eardrum
ossicul/o
ossicles(malleus, incus, and stapes)
ot/o
ear
salping/o
eustachian tube
staped/o
stapes
tympan/o
tympanic membrace, eardrum
-cusis
hearing