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26 Cards in this Set

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INDUSTRIAL REVOLUTION
[WHAT?,WHERE?,WHY?,WHEN?]
WHAT- Effort to increase production by using machines powered by other sources other than humans or animals.
WHERE-Begins in Britain and then comes to America
WHY-For money
WHEN-1700s
INTERCHANGEABLE PARTS
[Eli Whitney] System of manufacturing in which all parts of a product are made to an exact standard (everything is the same)
THE COTTON GIN
[Eli Whitney] Machine that separates cotton seed from cotton fiber.
IMPACT OF THE COTTON GIN
1.Amt. of cotton South produces increase A LOT = MORE MONEY!
2.Southerners dependency on cotton increases
3.More slaves!
4.Southerners want more land!
BLESSING AND CURSE: COTTON GIN
BLESSING: S. gains more money

CURSE: Economy stuck on one product and the dependency of slaves. South remains a land of slavery and farming while North industrializes.
TRANSPORTATION REVOLUTION
[WHAT?]
WHAT:Revolution in transportation b.c of industrial revolution learned new ways to transport things b/c more things needed to be transported.
NEW METHODS OF TRANSPORTATION
a. steamboat- can travel up stream
b. railroads
c. canals
d. roads (increase)
COMMUNICATION ADVANCES
1. National Postal System
2. Inc. in newspapers and magazines.
MARKET REVOLUTION
[WHAT?, WHY?]
WHAT:Change in the war Americans bought and sold goods
WHY: More goods to buy so more money!
THE RISE OF MANUFACTURING
centralizing how products are made
IMPACT OF MANUFACTURING
1.Free enterprise system-ppl will compete with each other to make more money!
2.Cheaper goods
3.Increase in cities
4.Increase in shopping
5.Rise of banking
SECTIONALISM [N. VS. S]
NORTH-North=industry
SOUTH-Very rural and slaves...COTTON
WESTWARD MOVEMENT
-West wanted ppl so they built hotels in forests and lied about the locations, etc.
-Ppl move to Texas, N.Mexico, Oregon, Utah and California.
TEXAS AND INDEPENDENCE FROM MEXICO
[reasons]
- Mexico was against slavery
- Mexico takes them and sends troops b/c not abiding to slave rules

TEXAS become republic...THE ALAMO!
WAR W/ MEXICO
-US wants California and New Mexico
- Ambassador sent with 30 mil to buy lands and make the border the Rio Grande
- MEXICO says NO!
- California helps, US wins
TREATY OF HIDALGO
1. Mexico gives up Texas; new border is Rio Grande
2. Mexico gives CA + NM to US
3. US pays Mexico 15 mil
WILMONT PROVISION
says that new territories cannot be slave oriented, but was always ignored.
ATLANTIC SYSTEM
System that connects EU, Africa and the Americas.Connection is made w. trade (guns, slaves, and crops)
MIDDLE PASSAGE
Voyage of the Africans to the Americas
ROLE OF AFRICANS
POWS and criminals were the slaves.
African kings sold slaves in xchange for guns etc.
Kings went to war w/ each other to get more ppl to sell as slaves.
SLAVERY IN THE SOUTH
[Description]
Agriculture vs. industrial North.
Southerners considered slaves as property (chattel)
Didn't think was wrong b/c they used it as a system of labor (s. compared to N. manufacturing)
MISCONCEPTIONS (SLAVERY)
1. All slaves were mistreated
2. All slaves worked in the fields
3. All slaves were unhappy
4. All ppl in the south had slaves (only 1.4)
RESISTANCE (SLAVERY)
Slaves would:
- try and runway
- pretend to be sick
- worked slowly
- some bought freedom
LIFE (SLAVERY)
-Lots of work (field or house)
- SOme abused
- Separate from families
- Culture developed (religion)
- got married
IMPACT ON THE SOUTH (SLAVERY)
1. Farmers and Artisans in South make VERY little money (competing w. free labor)
2. No money going to industry
3. Colony of North (mercantilism)
4. Stays static (N. dynamic and changing)
ABOLITIONISTS
- in S. some wanted to raise money and send slaves back to Africa
- some just wanted it gone (humanitarian)
- Elijah Parish Lovejoy was a reformer who was beaten up