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29 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
a condition of physical, mental, and social well-being and the absence of disease or other abnormal conditions.
The art and science of the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of disease and the maintenance of good health.
a recipient of a health care service.
He is called the father of medicine and credited with hippocratic oath. is the basis for holistic medicine.
Florence Nightingale
the first nursing theorist, established the standard of nusing care,reform nursing from occupation to profession.
Dorothea Dix
pioneer for mentally ill standards.
Clara Barton
American Red Cross
Linda Richards
First trained nurse in America
Lavinia Dock
founder for the American Society of Superintendents of Training School, later NLN.
Mary Eliza Mahoney
first black nurse
Mar Breckenridge
Pioneer in Nurse-midwifery
the granting of permission by a competent authority to an organization or individual to engage in a practice or activity that would otherwise be illegal.
Isabel Robb and Mary Nutting
train and develop teachers of nursing at Columbia University.
it is a process by which the nurse is granted recognition for competency in a specific area of nursing by ANA.
National League for Nursing (NLN)
Provide accreditation services and develop the nursing programs.
Approved Program
one that meets the minimum standards set by the state agency.
involves the administration of a program voluntarily seeking a review by a given organization to determine whether the program meets the criteria.
State Board of Nursing
specify the duties and responsibility of LVN and RN.
Health Care System
is the complete network of agencies and facilities, providers.
a dynamic state of health in which an individual progresses toward a higher level of functioning, achieving an optimal balance between internal and external env.
Holistic health care
a system of comprehensive or total patient care that considers the physical, emotional, social, economic, and spiritual needs of a person.
Maslow's Hierachy of Needs
Physiologic, safety and security, love and belongingness, esteem, self-actualization.
Economic Factors Affecting Health and Illness
rising health care cost, aging population, advancement of technology, health care insurance, and malpractice insurance,changes in delivery system.
Nightingale theory
Patient's environment is arrange to facilitate the body's reparative processes.
Orem Theory
Self-care deficit.
Health is a continual, open process rather than a state of well-being or absence of disease.
Adaptation model based on physiologic, psychological, sociologic adaptive modes.
Caring is the central and unifying domain for nursing knowledge and practice.
Benner and Wrubel
Caring is central to the essence of nursing.