Study your flashcards anywhere!

Download the official Cram app for free >

  • Shuffle
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Alphabetize
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Front First
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Both Sides
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
  • Read
    Toggle On
    Toggle Off
Reading...
Front

How to study your flashcards.

Right/Left arrow keys: Navigate between flashcards.right arrow keyleft arrow key

Up/Down arrow keys: Flip the card between the front and back.down keyup key

H key: Show hint (3rd side).h key

A key: Read text to speech.a key

image

Play button

image

Play button

image

Progress

1/20

Click to flip

20 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
The Big Five
Warner Brothers, Loew's, MGM, Fox, RKO
The Little 3
Columbia, United Artists, Universal
Exhibition
the division of the film industry concerned with the public screening of a film
Distribution
Division of the film industry concentrating on the marketing of film, connecting the producer with the exhibitor by leasing films from the former and renting them to the latter.
Production
Division of the film industry concentrating on the making of film
Kinetograph
Edison's first movie camera.
pantopticon
first projector that allowed multiple people to view the same movie at once
nickelodeon
a five cents admission movie house in the early 1900's
patent pool
an association of companies, operating collectively in the marketplace by pooling the patents held by each individual company.
The MPPC
The Motion Picture Patents Company - edison and Biograph's patent pool that controlled the facets of projection and camera technology
vertical integration
When a company is organized so that it oversees a product from the planning/development stage, through production, through market distribution, through to the end user - the retail consumer. In the case of the film industry, this translates to a company controlling the production, marketing, and exhibition of its films.
trust
a group of companies operating together to control the market for a commodity. this is illegal practice in the USA.
first-run
Improtant movie theatres would show films immediately upon their theatrical release. (their first run). Smaller theatres would show subsequent screenings.
oligopoly
where a state of limited competition exists between a small group of producers or sellers
consent decree
a court order made with the consent of both parties - the defendant and the plaintiff - which puts to rest the lawsuit brought against the former by the latter.
free publicity
free coverage of subjects which the media feel are newsworthy
paid advertising
promotion on TV, radio, billboards, and printed media
tie-ins
mutually beneficial promotional liaisons between films and other consumer products and/or personalities
merchandising
where manufacturers pay a film company to use a film title or image on their products
independent
a highly prblematic term, meaning different things in different situations. Here, the term simply implies a production realized outside one of the majors. Here, the term does not imply a production context outside the mainstream institutional framework altogether, nor does it imply a film produced in an alternative aesthetic format to 'classic Hollywood.'