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14 Cards in this Set

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The idea that complex behavioral functions are produced by a larger brain or brain region than that in which simple behavioral functions are produced; usually used to refer to the idea that the brain size of an animal species is proportional to its behavioral complexity.
Principle of proper mass
A process in which maturation is delayed, so an adult retains infant characteristics; the idea derived from the observation that newly evolved species resemble the young of their ancestors.
Neoteny
A behavior that is characteristic of all members of a species.
Species-typical behavior
Behaviors that are learned and passed on from one generation to the next through teaching and learning.
Culture
A measure of brain size obtained from the ratio of actual brain size to the expected brain size for an animal of a particular body size.
Encephalization quotient (EQ)
Of the mind; an explanation of behavior as a function of the mind....Aristotle
Mentalism
A nonmaterial entity that is proposed to be responsible for intelligence.
Mind
The problem of how to explain how a nonmaterial mind can command a material body.
Mind-Body problem
A physiological position that holds that both a nonmaterial mind and the material body contribute to behavior....Descartes.
Dualism
The physiological position that holds that behavior can be explained as a function of the nervous system without explanatory recourse to the mind... Darwin.
Materialism
Refers to individual organisms or families that descend from the same ancestor... Darwin.
Common descent
Differential success in the reproduction of different phenotypes resulting from the interaction of organisms with their enviroment. Evolution takes place when natural selection causes changes in relative frequencies of alleles in the gene pool.... Darwin
Natural Selection
The branch of biology concerned with naming and classifying the diverse forms of life.
Taxonomy
General term referring to primates that walk upright, including all forms of humans, living and extinct.
Hominid