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35 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
building code
A set of legal restrictions intended to assure a minimum standard of health and safety in buildings.
model building code
A code that is offered by a recognized national organization as worthy of adoption by state or local governments.
National Building Code of Canada
A separate model building code published by Canada.
International Building Code (IBC)
The first unified code in U.S. history, first published in March 2000.
Uniform Building Code (UBC)
One of the 3 earlier model codes adopted in the western United States and parts of the Midwest.
BOCA National Building Code (BOCA)
One of the 3 earlier model codes adopted in the East and other areas of the Midwest.
Standard Building Code (SBC)
One of the 3 earlier model codes adopted by many southern and southeastern states.
occupancy group
Groups defined by the International Building Code that divide different types of buildings into groups. The purpose of these groups is to distinguish various degrees and qualities of need for safety in buildings.
construction type
A set of definitions of construction types that follow the definitions of occupancy groups.
fire resistance rating
The time, in hours or fractions of an hour, that a material or assembly will resist fire exposure as determined by ASTM E119.
bearing wall
A wall that supports floors or roofs.
nonbearing wall or partition
Not carrying a load.
access standards
Regulate the design of entrances, stairs, doorways, elevators, and toilet facilities to assure that they are accessible by physically handicapped members of the population.
Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA)
Makes accessibility to buildings a civil right of all Americans.
Occupational Safety and Health Act (OSHA)
Controls the design of workplaces to minimize hazards to the health and safety of workers. Sets safety standards under which a building must be constructed and also has an important effect on the design of industrial and commercial buildings
American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM)
Establishes standard specifications for commonly used materials of construction. These specifications are accepted throughout the U.S. and are generally referred to by a number.
Canadian Standards Association (CSA)
Establishes standards similar to the ASTM for buildings in Canada.
zoning ordinance
A law that specifies in detail how land may be used in a municipality.
American National Standards Institute (ANSI)
An organization that develops standards for many industrial products, such as aluminum windows and many of the mechanical components of buildings.
Construction Specifications Institute (CSI)
An organization that works towards the development of technical standards and the dissemination of information with relation to their respective fields of interest.
A standard outline for organizing information about construction materials and components. It's used as the outline for construction specifications for nearly all large construction projects in the U.S. and Canada. It also forms the basis on which trade associations' and manufacturers' technical literature is cataloged and filed.
Construction Specifications Canada (CSC)
The counterpart to the Construction Specifications Institute of the United States. Developed over a number of years a standard outline called MasterFormat.
trade association
An association of people or companies in a particular business or trade, organized to promote their common interests.
Meeting the needs of the present generation without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their needs.
"green" building
Another term for sustainability design and construction.
Occupancy groups A-1 through A-5
Assembly occupancies: theaters, auditoriums, lecture halls, night clubs, restaurants, houses of worship, libraries, museums, sports arenas, etc.
Occupancy group Group B
Business occupancies: banks, administrative offices, higher education facilities, police and fire stations, post offices, professional offices, etc.
Occupancy group E
Educational occupancies: schools for grades K through 12 and day care facilities.
Occupancy group F
Industrial buildings.
Occupancy group H-1 through H-5
Various types of High Hazard occupancies in which toxic, combustible, or explosive materials are present.
Occupancy group I-1 through I-4
Institutional occupancies in which occupants may not be able to save themselves during a fire or other emergency, such as health care and geriatric facilities and prisons.
Occupancy group M
Mercantile occupancies: stores, markets, service stations, and sales rooms.
Occupancy groups R-1 through R-4
Residential occupancies, including apartment buildings, dormitories, fraternities and sororities, hotels, one- and two-family dwellings, and assisted-living facilities.
Occupancy group S-1 and S-2
S-1 includes buildings for Storage of hazardous materials, and S-2, low-hazard storage.
Occupancy group U
Utility buildings: agricultural buildings, carports, greenhouses, sheds, stables, fences, tanks, towers, and other secondary buildings.