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38 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
an entire way of life for people
culture
variety
diversity
being as one or being in agreement
unity
the beliefs or ideals that guide the way people live
values
a person who leaves one country to go and live in another land
immigrant
the relatives who lived before you
ancestors
includes people who share the same customs and language
ethnic groups
an official study of the people of a country
census
the number of people living in a place
population
negative opinion formed without proof
prejudice
a plan of government for a country
Constitution
the people make the laws and run the government
democracy
the people elect representatives to run the country
republic
national government
federal
a person who is born in a country or who chooses to become a member of that country by law
citizen
the individual rights of a citizen under the law
civil rights
the study or record of what happened in the past
history
people who study the past
historian
information that comes from the time being studied
primary sources
an account of the past written by someone who was not an eyewitness to those events
secondary sources
points of view
perspectives
spoken records
oral history
What are some common beliefs between all Americans?
*freedom to worship
*freedom to earn a living as you choose
*fairness to all people (treatment)
*freedom of speech
What makes the US so diverse?
*the differences in cultures/backgrounds of people
*the places people come from
How have ethnic groups shaped our country?
*they came from other places and shared their traditions
What are some reasons that might cause people to move to an unfamiliar country?
*to make a better life
*money
*religious freedom
*land
Name some of the major religion groups found in the US.
*Protestants
*Roman Catholic
*Jews
*Muslims
*Eastern Orthodox
What are some responsibilities that citizens have?
*obey the laws
*respecting others
*pay taxes
*voting
*pay your debt
What are the three levels of government and examples for each one?
Federal(National)
State
Local/city
What are our basic rights as citizens?
*voting (government)
*obey laws
*serve on jury duty
What do historians study?
Historians study the past, look at clues, look at records, make census
*art
*homes
*pottery
*written evidence
Give examples of oral history.
*spoken records
*stories that are passed down through spoken language
Give examples of secondary sources.
*history book
*encyclopedia
*recent films
Give examples of primary sources.
*letters
*films
*photographs (from that time period)
*eyewitness accounts
*diaries
Who are the chief participants in history? Explain.
People - ordinary people of many ethnic groups (men, women, and children)
Examples for Federal government. (see foldable)
*collect taxes
*president
*maintains national monuments
*US Supreme Court
*Senate
Examples for State government.
(see foldable)
*collects taxes
*governor
*school districts
Examples for Local government.
(see foldable)
*collects taxes
*mayor
*libraries
*snow removal