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134 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
root
foundation of the word
suffix
word ending
combining vowel
links the root to the suffix or the root to another root
prefix
word beginning
combining form
combination of the root and the combining vowel
aden/o
gland
arthr/o
joint
bi/o
life
carcin/o
cancer
cardi/o
heart
cephal/o
head
cerebr/o
cerebrum
cis/o
to cut
crin/o
secrete
cyst/o
urinary bladder; a sac or a cyst
cyt/o
cell
derm/o
skin
dermat/o
skin
electr/o
electricity
encephal/o
brain
enter/o
intestines (small intestines)
erythr/o
red
gastr/o
stomach
gnos/o
knowledge
gynec/o
woman, female
hemat/o
blood
hepat/o
liver
iatr/o
treatment
leuk/o
white
nephr/o
kidney
neur/o
nerve
onc/o
tumor
ophthalm/o
eye
oste/o
bone
path/o
disease
ped/o
child
psych/o
mind
radi/p
x-rays
ren/o
kidney
rhin/o
nose
sarc/o
flesh
sect/o
to cut
thromb/o
clot, clotting
ur/o
urinary tract, urine
-ac
pertaining to
-al
pertaining to
-algia
pain
-cyte
cell
-ectomy
excision, removal
-emia
blood condition
-genic
pertaining to producing, produced by, or produced in
-gram
record
-ic, -ical
pertaining to
-ion
process
-ist
specialist
-itis
inflammation
-logy
study of
-oma
tumor, mass, swelling
-opsy
process of viewing
-osis
condition, usually abnormal
-pathy
disease condition
-scope
instrument to visually examine
-scopy
process of visually examining
-sis
state of
-tomy
process of cutting, incision
-y
process, condition
a-, an-
no, not, without
auto-
self
dia-
through, complete
endo-
within
epi-
above, upon
ex-
out
exo-
out
hyper-
excessive, above, more than normal
hypo-
deficient, below, less than normal
in-
into, in
peri-
surrounding, around
pro-
before
re-
back, backward, again
retro-
behind
sub-
below, under
trans-
across, through
cerebral
pertaining to the cerebrum
biopsy
the process of viewing living tissue
adenitis
inflammation of a gland
cephalic
pertaining to the head
carcinoma
cancerous tumor
cystoscopy
process of visually examining the bladder
electrocardiogram
record of the electricity in the heart
cardiology
the study of the heart
electroencephalogram
record of the electricity in the brain
dermatitis
inflammation of the skin
arthroscopy
process of visually examining the joints
cytology
the study of cells
leukocyte
white blood cell
gastritis
inflammation of the stomach
iatrogenic
pertaining to being produced by treatment
nephrology
study of kidneys
erythrocyte
red blood cell
hematoma
mass of blood
neuralgia
pain of nerves
ophthalmoscopy
process of visually examining the eye
enteritis
inflammation of the small intestine
oncology
the study of tumors (cancer)
osteitis
inflammation of the bones
psychosis
abnormal condition of the mind
thrombocyte
platelet -- aids in blood clotting
renal
pertaining to the kidneys
nephrectomy
removal of the kidney
osteotomy
incision into the bone
resection
removal
carcinogenic
cancer-producing
sarcoma
malignant skin tumor
diagnosis
complete knowledge
prognosis
knowledge before
subhepatic
below the liver
pericardium
membrane surrounding the heart
hyperglycemia
excessive level of sugar in the blood
hypodermic
under or below the skin
epigastric
above the stomach
hypoglycemia
deficiency of sugar in the blood
anemia
without blood
urology
study of urinary tract
gynecology
study of women and women's diseases
hematology
study of blood
neurology
study of nerves
pediatrics
treatment of children
radiology
study of x-rays
ophthalmology
study of the eyes
gastroenterology
study of the stomach and intestines
endocrinology
study of the glands that secrete hormones
psychiatry
treatment of the mind
pathology
study of disease
cardiology
study of the heart