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15 Cards in this Set

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Atmosphere
a thin layer of air that forms a protective covering around the planet.
Earth's atmosphere is made up of mainly what gases?
Nitrogen and Oxygen
Troposphere
lowest of earth's atmospheric layers
ionosphere
layer of electrically charged particles within the mesosphere and thermosphere
Exosphere
outermost layer of earth's atmosphere...beyond which is outer space
ozone layer
layer of earth's atmosphere that protects us from UV rays...3 oxygen atoms bound together make up ozone
Ultraviolet radiation
type of energy that comes to earth from the sun. Too much exposure can cause damage to your skin/skin cancer
chlorofluorocarbons (CFC's)
chemical compounds used in some refrigerators, air conditioners, and aerosol sprays. Destroys Ozone!
Radiation
energy that is transferred in the form of rays or waves
conduction
the transfer of energy that occurs when molecules bump into one another
Convection
the transfer of heat by the flow of material
hydrosphere
describes all the water on Earth's surface
condensation
process of water vapor changing to a liquid
Coriolis Effect
the rotation of Earth causes moving air and water to appear to turn to the right north of the equator and to the left south of the equator
jet streams
narrow belts of strong winds that blow near the top of the troposphere