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15 Cards in this Set

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What is psychology?

(3 things)
The science of mental processes and behavior.
1)Science
2)Mental Processes
3)Behavior
3 levels of analysis
1)Brain: mechanism
2)Person:content, beliefs, desires, feelings
3) group:affect on each other and network
Roots of psych lie in these 2 things
Philosophy
Physiology
Structuralism

-Introspection, 2 scientists
-focused on identifying "building blocks" of consciousness (sensations and feelings)
-Mental Structures: how particular sensations or feelings may occur at same time or in sequence
-Introspection: looking within, not objectively verifiable
-Wilhelm Wundt & Edward Titchener
Introspection
-Scructuralism
-Looking within
-Noticing mental processes as, or right after, they occur
Wilhelm Wundt
Structuralism
Edward Titchener
Structuralism
Functionalism

-1 scientist
-How our minds help us function "why"
-Influenced by Charles Darwin, how consiousness helped someone adapt, animal observations provide clues for human behavior
-Focused on pragmatic issues like improving education
-William James
William James
Functionalism
Gestalt Psychology

-1 scientist
-perceptual unit
-Gestalt="whole"
-Emphasized overall patterns of thoughts of experiences
-Much of our thoughts come from what we perceive and inborn tendency to structure things
-The whole is greater than the sum of its parts
-Perceptual unit:whole formed from individual parts
-Max Wertheimer
Perceptual Unit
-Gestalt Psychology
-Whole formed from individual parts
-Flock of geese
Max Wertheimer
Gestalt Psychology
Psychodynamic Theory

-1 scientist
-Psyche & Dynamo
-Sigmund Freud
-"Psyche"= mind
-"dynamo"=power
-How thoughts and feelings affect behavior
-The mind has separate components: conscious and unconscious
-continual push-and-pull interaction among 2 components (leads to abnormal behavior)
-Much of behavior influenced by unconscious
Behaviorism

-2 scientists
-The mind cannot be observed, only behavior
B.F. Skinner & John Watson
-Responses usually produce positive/negative consequences which affect how organisms react next time encounter same stimulus= reinforcement
B.F Skinner

John Watson
Behaviorism