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149 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
government
an institution through which a society makes and enfores its public policies.
public policies
all of those things a gov't decideis to do.
state
a body of people living together.
sovereignity
supreme, absolute power of a state w/in its own territory.
unitary gov't
described as centralized gov't.
federal gov't
one in which the powers of the gov't are divided b/t a central gov't & local gov't
confederation
an alliance of independent clauses.
presidential gov't
a seperation of powers b/t the executive & legislative branches of gov't.
parlimentary gov't
the executive is made up of the prime minister.
democracy
supreme political authority res w/the people.
direct democracy
a democratic system of gov't in which the people participate directly in decision making.
representative democracy
a small group of persons chosen by the people to act as their representative express the popular will.
compromise
process of blending and adjusting, to other intersts
anarchy
the total absence of gov't.
dictatoship
hitlor.
government
an institution through which a society makes and enfores its public policies.
public policies
all of those things a gov't decideis to do.
state
a body of people living together.
sovereignity
supreme, absolute power of a state w/in its own territory.
unitary gov't
described as centralized gov't.
federal gov't
one in which the powers of the gov't are divided b/t a central gov't & local gov't
confederation
an alliance of independent clauses.
presidential gov't
a seperation of powers b/t the executive & legislative branches of gov't.
parlimentary gov't
the executive is made up of the prime minister.
democracy
supreme political authority res w/the people.
direct democracy
a democratic system of gov't in which the people participate directly in decision making.
representative democracy
a small group of persons chosen by the people to act as their representative express the popular will.
compromise
process of blending and adjusting, to other intersts
anarchy
the total absence of gov't.
dictatoship
hitlor.
government
an institution through which a society makes and enfores its public policies.
public policies
all of those things a gov't decideis to do.
state
a body of people living together.
sovereignity
supreme, absolute power of a state w/in its own territory.
unitary gov't
described as centralized gov't.
federal gov't
one in which the powers of the gov't are divided b/t a central gov't & local gov't
confederation
an alliance of independent clauses.
presidential gov't
a seperation of powers b/t the executive & legislative branches of gov't.
parlimentary gov't
the executive is made up of the prime minister.
democracy
supreme political authority res w/the people.
direct democracy
a democratic system of gov't in which the people participate directly in decision making.
representative democracy
a small group of persons chosen by the people to act as their representative express the popular will.
compromise
process of blending and adjusting, to other intersts
anarchy
the total absence of gov't.
dictatoship
hitlor.
representative gov't
an idea that gov't should serve the will of people.
magna carta
said power of the monarchy was not absolute.
petition of rights
said even a monarch must obey law of land.
english bill of rights
prohibited a standing army during peacetime, except w/ consent of the parliment.
bicameral
two- house, usually w/ legislature
unicameral
one- house, usually w/ legislature
albany plan of union
plan put by ben... franklin, it aimed @ uniting the 13 colonies for trade, military.
constitutions
bodies of fundamental laws setting out principles of gov'ts.
popular sovereignty
gov't must have a consent on the governed
virginia plan
congrssional representation based on population.
new jersey plan
equal representation in congress
connecticut compromise
an agrrement that a state will have senate and a house.
3/5 compromise
all free persons counted and 3/5 of all other persons.
comerce and slave trade
congress was forbiden the power to tax the export of goods from any state.
federalist
favored ratification of the constitution.
government
an institution through which a society makes and enfores its public policies.
public policies
all of those things a gov't decideis to do.
state
a body of people living together.
sovereignity
supreme, absolute power of a state w/in its own territory.
unitary gov't
described as centralized gov't.
federal gov't
one in which the powers of the gov't are divided b/t a central gov't & local gov't
confederation
an alliance of independent clauses.
presidential gov't
a seperation of powers b/t the executive & legislative branches of gov't.
parlimentary gov't
the executive is made up of the prime minister.
democracy
supreme political authority res w/the people.
direct democracy
a democratic system of gov't in which the people participate directly in decision making.
representative democracy
a small group of persons chosen by the people to act as their representative express the popular will.
compromise
process of blending and adjusting, to other intersts
anarchy
the total absence of gov't.
dictatoship
hitlor.
government
an institution through which a society makes and enfores its public policies.
public policies
all of those things a gov't decideis to do.
state
a body of people living together.
sovereignity
supreme, absolute power of a state w/in its own territory.
unitary gov't
described as centralized gov't.
federal gov't
one in which the powers of the gov't are divided b/t a central gov't & local gov't
confederation
an alliance of independent clauses.
presidential gov't
a seperation of powers b/t the executive & legislative branches of gov't.
parlimentary gov't
the executive is made up of the prime minister.
democracy
supreme political authority res w/the people.
direct democracy
a democratic system of gov't in which the people participate directly in decision making.
representative democracy
a small group of persons chosen by the people to act as their representative express the popular will.
compromise
process of blending and adjusting, to other intersts
anarchy
the total absence of gov't.
dictatoship
hitlor.
popular sovereignty
gov't can't govern w/o the consent of people.
constitutionalism
the gov't must be conducted according to constitutional priciples.
separation of powers
the distribution of judicial, legislative, and excutive branch.
checks and balances
branches can check other branches a limited # of times.
judicial review
power of the courts to determine the constitutionality of the actions of legislative & executive branches of gov't.
federalism
the division of power among a central gov't and several regional gov'ts.
informal amendment
process by many changes have been made in the cons. that have not led to changes in the document's written word.
executive agreement
pact made by the president directly w/ the head of a foreign country.
delegated powers
the powers granted by the cons.
expresed powers
spelled out expressly in the cons.
implied powers
powers that are not expressed in the cons., but are resonably implied by those powers.
inhererent powers
delegated powers of the national gov't that belong to it b/c it is the national gov't of a soverign state.
reserved powers
the powers helpd by the state in the federal system.
exclusive powers
powers that only can be exercised by the national gov't.
concurrent powers
powers that both national and states posses and exercise.
enabling act
directs the framing of proposed state cons.
act of admission
the act of admiting a new state.
interstate compacts
agreements among states, and foreign states.
political party
a group of persons who seek to control gov't through the winning of elections & the holding of public office.
major parties
the political parties in the u.s.
electorate
the people allowed to vote
ideological parties
parties that are based on particular sets of beliefs
single issue parties
those concentrating on a single public policy matter.
split-ticket voting
voting for candidates of both paties
suffrage
right to vote.
registration
a procedure of voter identification.
poll tax
special tax for voting.
gerrymandering
practice of drawing electoral district lines.
injunctions
federal court orders to prevent interference w/ any1's right to vote
direct primary
an election held w/in the party to pick the party's candidates for general election.
opinion leader
any person who, for any reason, has a more than usual influence on the views of others.
interest group
a private organi. that tries to persuade public officials to respond.
term
years in congress.
session
congress meeting.
special session
meeting called by the president to deal w/ a pressing issue.
apportion
disturbution among states, based on population.
reapportion
redistribution of the seats in the house after each decennial census.
continuous body
all of senate's seats are never up for election at the same time.
trustee
members who decide everything on their own.
partisans
lawmakers who listen to their political parties.
delegates
lawmakers who liten to "folks back home"
politicos
they listen to all three; keep a balance.
strict construtionists
argued that implied and expressed powers are important; group led by thomas jefferson.
liberal construtionists
believed that the constitution should be in broad terms.
direct tax
one that must be paid by the person on whom it is imposed.
indirect tax
one first paid by one person but then passed on to another.
commerce power
power of congress to regulate interstate and foreign trade.
legal tender
a kind of money that creditor must pay by law.
copyright
the exclusive right of an author to produce, publish, and sell his work.
patents
grants a person the right to manufacture, use, or sell.
eminent domain
inherent power to take private property for public use.
chief of state
term for a pres. for being head of the gov't, symbol of all the people of the nation.
chief excutive
having the excutive power of the U.S.
chief administrator
term for the presdent as head of the administration of the federal gov't.
chief diplomat
term for pres. as the main architech of foreign policy and spokesperson to other countries.
commander in chief
commander of the nation's armed forces.
chief legislator
as archeitech of publuc policy; one who sets agendafor congress.
chief of party
leader of his/her own party.
chief citizen
represtative of the people; workingfor the public interests.