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19 Cards in this Set

  • Front
  • Back
What are the three primary diseases classified as COPD?
Bronchitis, emphysema, and asthma
Is cancer a cardiovascular disease? Why or why not?
No, because it is not a disease directly linked to problems of the heart or blood vessels.
What often happens when the arteries leading to the brain develop atherosclerosis?
A stroke occurs.
What would be the flow rate (mL per minute) of blood through an artery with a radius of 3 mm?
34 or 3 x 3 x 3 x 3 = 81 mL per minute
What are the four main causes of CVD?
Cigarette smoking, hypertension, hypercholesterolemia, and sedentary living
What are three ways in which smoking causes CVD?
Constriction of arterioles, increased platelet stickiness, and reduction of oxygen carrying capacity of the blood
Would an individual with a blood pressure of 138/88 be considered hypertensive? Why or why not?
No, because systolic blood pressure has to be at least 140 mmHg or diastolic blood pressure has to be at least 90 mmHg to be labelled "hypertension."
Why is hypertension called the "silent killer"?
There are no noticeable signs or symptoms associated with the disease.
Under most circumstances, would a blood pressure of 110/65 be considered good or bad, low risk or high risk?
Good, low risk
If an individual had a blood pressure of 146/94, how should that person be classified: normal, high normal, mild hypertension, moderate hypertension, severe hypertension or very severe hypertension?
Mild hypertension
Why should blood pressure be assessed regularly?
It is a significant risk factor of CVD and it fluctuates from hour to hour and day to day.
How is high blood pressure like a raging river?
The walls of the arteries are damaged and end organs can be destroyed due to the high pressure and "erosion."
Name eight lifestyle-related factors that are strongly related to high blood pressure.
Elevated body mass, smoking, excess sodium intake, a lack of potassium and calcium, high alcohol consumption, physical inactivity, high stress levels, failure to take blood pressure medication prescribed by your physician to control hypertension
Why is cholesterol valuable to the body?
Without cholesterol, the body could not survive. Cholesterol is necessary for proper growth and functioning of the body.
Which lipoprotein is associated with reduced risk of CVD?
HDL cholesterol
What percentage of Total cholesterol is typically LDL cholesterol?
Roughly 65 percent
What would the LDL level be of an adult who had a Total cholesterol of 180, an HDL level of 40, and a triglyceride value of 80?
180 - 40 - (80 / 5) or 124 mg/dL
Evaluate the risk associated with a Total/HDL cholesterol ratio of 5 and a LDL cholesterol level of 165 mg/dL.
A Total/HDL ratio of 5 signifies increased risk for men and women and an LDL level of 165 denotes high risk.
What is the worst type of fat to consume if one is concerned about serum cholesterol?
Saturated fat