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17 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
Government
the institutions, people, and processes by which a nation-state or political unit is ruled and its public policy created and administered
Nation-State
a political unit with a defined territory, organized under a government and having the authority to make and enforce the law
Politics
the methods or tactics involved in managing government and gaining power
Sovereignty
the authority of a nation-state's right to rule itself
Divine Right
the belief that rulers derive their authority directly from God and are accountable only to Him
Social Contract
the concept that the governed and those governing have obligations to each other, that the people being governed will support the government, and that the government will protect the basic rights of the people
Elite
a small and privileged group who have a disproportionate share of money or political influence
Unitary Government
a form of government in which all of the powers of the government are held by a single unit or agency
Federal Government
a form of government in which governmental powers are divided between a central authority and a number of regional political subdivisions
Confederation
a political system in which a weak central government has limited authority, and the states have ultimate power
Parliamentary Government
a form of government in which the executive leaders are chosen by and responsible to the legislature
Presidential Government
a form of government in which the legislative and executive branches are separate and function independently
Monarchy
government in which the ruler's power is hereditary
Dictatorship
a form of government in which an absolute ruler controls the power, often through fear or force, and ignores the will of the people
Democracy
a system of government by the people, exercised either directly or through elected representatives
Direct Democracy
a democratic system of government in which all citizens participate in politics and decision-making, such as New England town meetings
Representative Democracy
a democratic system of government in which policies are made by officials to the people who elected them