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15 Cards in this Set

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Prosocial Behavior
a helpful action that benefits other people without necessarily providing any direct benefits to the preson performing the act, and may even involve a risk for the person who helps
Altruism
behavior that reflects an unselfish concern for the welfare of others
Bystander Effect
the likelihood of a prosocial response to an emergency is affected by the number of bystanders who are present
5 Essential Steps to the decision to help
1) Noticing the emergency
2) Interpreting an emergency as an emergency
3) Assuming responsibility
4) Knowing what to do
5) Making the decision to help
Pluralistic Ignorance
the tendency of bystanders in an emergency to rely on what other bystanders do and say, even though none of them is sure about what is happening or what to do about it
Egoism
an exclusive concern with one's own personal needs and welfare rather than with the needs of others
Self-interest
the motivation to engage in whatever behavior provides the greatest satisfaction
Moral Integrity
the motivation to be moral and actually to engage in moral behavior
Moral hypocrisy
the motivation to appear moral while doing one's best to avoid the costs involved in actually being moral
Empathy
a complex affective and cognitive response to another person's emotional distress (I feel your pain, and I understand your pain)
Generativity
an adult's concern for and committment to the well-being of future generations
Empathy-altruism hypothesis
the proposal that prosocial behavior is motivated solely by the desire to help someone in need
Negative-State Relif Model
prosocial behavior is motivated by the bystander's desire to reduce his or her own uncomfortable negative emotions
Empathic joy hypothesis
prosocial behavior is motivated by the positive emotion a helper anticipates experiencing as a result of having a beneficial impact on the life of someone in need
Genetic Determinism Model
behavior is driven by genetic attributes that evolved because they enhanced the probability of transmitting one's genes to subsequent generations