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55 Cards in this Set

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  • Back
activity space
the area within which people move freely on their rounds of regular activity.
chain migration
the process by which migration movements from a common home area to a specific destination are sustained by links of friendship or kinship between first movers and later followers.
channelized migration
The modification of a stream channel; specifically, the straightening of meaners or dredging of the stream channel to deepen it.
contagious diffusion
the spread of a concept, a practice, or an article from one area to others through contact and/or the exchange of information.
critical distance
the distance beyond which cost effort, and or means play an overriding role in the willingness of people to travel.
distance decay
the exponential decline of an activity or a function with increasing distance from its point of orgin
globalization
the increasing interconnection of all parts of the world as the full range of social, cultural, political, economic, and environmental processes an patterns of change international in scale and effect
hierarchical diffusion
the process by which contacts between people and th resulting diffusion of things or ideas occurs first among those at the same level of a hierarchy and then among elements at a lower level of the hierarchy
hierarchical migration
the tendency for individuals to move from small places to larger places
mental map
the maplike image of the world, country, region or other area a person carries in his or her mind; includes knowledge of actual locations and sptial relationships and is colored by personaal peerceptions and preferences related to place.
migration
the permanent (or relatively permnent) relocation of an individual or a group to a new, usually distant, place of residence.
migration field
an area tat sends major migration flows to or receives major flows from a given place.
place utily
the perceived attractiveness of a place in its socia, economic, or environmental attributes; the value imparted to goods or services by tertiary activities that provide things needed in specific markets.
pull factor
a characteristic of a regin that acts as an attractive frce, drawing migrants from other regions.
push factor
a characteristic of a region that cotributes to the dissatisfaction fo residents an dimpels their migration
return migration
the return of migrants to the region from which they had earlier emigrated.
spatial diffusion
the outward spread of a substance, a concept,a practice or a population from its point of origin to other areas
spatial interaction
the movements (e.g., of people, goods, information) between different places; an indication of interdependence between areas.
stage in life
membership in a specific age group
step migration
a migration in which an eventual long-distance relcoation is undertaken in stages as, for example, from farm to village to small town to city.
terrioriality
the persistent attachment of most animals to a specific area; the behavior associated with the defense of the home territory
transnational corporation
a large business organization operating in at least two separate national economies.
antecedent boundary
a boundary line established before the area in question is well populated
artificial bounary
see geometric boundary
centrifugal force
in political geography, a force that disrupts and destabilizes a state, threatening its unity.
compact state
a state whose territory is nearly circular.
centripetal force
in political geography, a force that promotes unity and national identity
consequent boundary
a boundary line that coincides with some cultural divide, such as religion or language.
core area
the nucleus of a state, containing its most developed area, greatest wealth, densest populations, and clearest national identity
devolution
the transfer of certain powers from the state central government to separate political subdivisions within the state's territory; decentralization of political control.
electoral geography
the study of the delineation of voting districts and the spatial patterns of election results.
elongrated state
a state whose territory is long and narrow
enclave
a territory that is surrounded by, but is not part of, a state
ethnic cleansing
the killing or forcible relocation of one traitional or ethic group by a more powerful one.
European Union (EU)
an economic association established in 1957 of a number of Western european state sthat promotes free trade among member countries; often called the common market
exclave
a portion of a state that is separated from the main territory and surrounded by another contry.
exclusive economic zone (EEZ)
as established in the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, a zone of exploitation extending 200 nautical miles seaward from a coastal state that has exclusive mineral and fishing rights over it.
fragmented state
a state whose territory contains isolated parts, separated and discontinuous
geometric boundary
A boundary without obvious physical geographic basis; often a section of a parallel of latitude or a meridian of longitude.
gerrymandering
Dividing an area into voting districts in such a way as to give one political party an unfair advantage in elections, to fragment voting blocks, or to achieve other nondemocratic objectives.
irredentism
the desire of a state to gain or regain territory inhabited by people who have historic or cultural links to the country but who now live in a neighboring state.
nation
A culturally distinctive group of people occuplying a particular region and bound together by a sense of unity arising from shared ethnicity, beliefs, and customs.
nationalism
sense of unity binding the people of state together; devotion to the interests of a particular nation; an identification with the state and an acceptanc of national goals
nation-state
a state whose territory is identical to taht occupied by a particular nation
natural boundary
A Bountary line based on recognizable physiographic fetures, ssuch as mountains, riers, or deserts.
perforated state
a state whose territory is interripteed (perforated) by a separate, independent state totally contained within its borders.
political geography
a branch of human geography conerned with the spatial analysis of political phenomena
prorupt state
a state of basically compact from that has one more narrow extensions of territory
regionalism
in political geography, minority group identification with a particular region of a state rather than with the state as a whole
state
an independance poitical unit occupying a defined, permanently poulated territory and having full sovereign control over its internal and foreign affairs.
subnationalism
the feeelings that one owes primary allergiance to a traditional group or nation rather than to the state.
subsequent boundary
A boundary line that is established after the area in question has been settled and that considers the cultural characteristics of the bounded area.
supranationalism
the acceptance of the interests of more than one state, expressed as associations of states created for mutual benefit an to achieve shared objectives.
terrorism
the calculted use of violence against civilians and other symbolic targets in order to publicize a cause or to diminish people's support for a leader, a government, a policy, or a way of life that the perpetrators of violence find objectionable.
United Nations Conventions on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS)
seee Law of the sea convention--a code of sea law approved by the united nations ......