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117 Cards in this Set

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Arteries
transport blood from the right and left ventricles of the heart to all parts of the body.
Veins
transport blood from peripheral tissues to the heart.
arteries are ..... tubes that recoil and carry blood in .... waves---known as ......
elastic - pulsating waves - pulse
veins have .... walls and .... that prevent the backflow of blood.
thin - valves
a
without, lack of
brady
slow
endo
within
hyper
above, excessive
inter
between
tachy
fast
ang/i, angi/o, vas/o
vessel
angin
to choke, quinsy
arter, arteri/o
artery
ather/o
fatty substance, porridge
card, card/i, cardi/o
heart
electr/o
electricity
embol
to cast, to throw
erg/o
work
hem
blood
infarct
infarct (necrosis of an area)
lipid
fat
log
study
man/o
thin
my/o
muscle
phleb, phleb/o
vein
pulmonar
lung
rrhyth
rhythm
scler
hardening
sphygm/o
pulse
steth/o
chest
tens
tension
thromb
clot
ven/i
vein
-al
pertaining to
-dynia
pain
-emia
blood condition
-gram
mark, record
-graphy
recording
-ia, -ism, -osis, -y
condition of
-ion
process
-ist
one who specializes
-itis
inflammation
-logy
study of
-megaly
enlargement, large
-meter
instrument to measure, to measure
-pathy
disease
-puncture
to pierce
-scope
instrument
-tomy
incision
-tripsy
crushing
The heart is slightly larger than a ..... ..... and weighs approx ... grams.
man's fist - 300
The heart is shaped like an ..... cone with its apex ....
inverted ---- downward
septum
is the partition that divides the heart into right and left
atria
upper chamber of the heart
ventricles
lower chamber of the heart
The heartbeat is controlled by the ..... nervous system
autonomic
What is called the pacemaker of the heart?
sinoatrial (SA) node
All arteries have a .... reflecting the rhythmic beating of the heart.
pulse
What are the five primary pulse points?
Radial (wrist), Brachial (elbow), Carotid (neck), Temporal (temple), Femoral (groin)
athererosclerosis
(ath er oh skleh ROH sis)
a condition of hardening of the arteries with a buildup of fatty substance, porridge (usually cholesterol).
arteriosclerosis
(ar tee ree oh skleh ROH sis)
a condition of hardening of the arteries (that is usually associated with the aging process).
cholesterol
a waxy, fatty like substance in the bloodstream of all animals.
lipoproteins
are lipids and protein molecules that are bound together.
How are lipoproteins classified?
VLDL - very low density lipoproteins,
LDL - low density lipo,
HDL - high density lipo
Which lipoproteins are associated with cholesterol and triglyceride deposits in the arteries?
High level of VLDL and LDL
angina pectoris
is severe pain and a sensation of constriction about the heart.
angina
means quinsy
pectoris
refers to the chest
myocardial infarction
typically called a "heart attack". It is a condition caused by partial or complete occlusion of a coronary artery or arteries.
embolism
is a condition in which a blood clot obstructs a blood vessel. It is a moving blood clot.
thrombosis
is a condition in which there is a blood clot within the vasculary system. It is a stationary blood clot.
tissue plasminogen activator
is a drug that may be used within the first 6 hours of myocardial infarction to dissolve fibrin clots.
blood pressure
is the pressure exerted by the blood on the walls of the arteries
sphygmomanometer
(sfig moh mah NOM eh ter)
pulse/thin/instrument to measure
systolic
top reading of BP and occurs during the contraction phase of the heart cycle
diastolic
is the bottom reading of BP and occurs during the relaxation phase of the heart cycle.
Two hearts sounds that can be heard with a stethoscope are:
lubb-dubb
auscultation
a method of medical of physical assessment using a stethoscope to listen to the sounds within the chest, abdomen and other parts of the body.
Korotkoff's sounds
tapping sounds heard during auscultation of BP.
arrhythmia
a condition in which there is a lack of rhythm of the heartbeat.
bradycardia
is a slow heartbeat
tachycardia
is a fast heartbeat
congestive heart failure
is the inability of the heart to pump sufficient blood to meet the needs of tissues in the body.
capillaries
are microscopic blood vessels with single-celled walls.
phlebotomy
incision into a vein
stress test
a method of evaluating cardiovascular fitness that employs a treadmill and an ECG (electrocardiogram).
What is an ECG?
it is a record of the electrical activity of the heart that shows certain waves called P, Q, R, S and T waves. Sometimes a U wave is seen.
echocardiography
is a noninvasive ultrasound method for evaluating the heart for valvular defects and corornary artery disease.
cardiac catheterization
is a test used in diagnosis of heart disorders.
digitalis
is a cardiotonic drug that increases the tonicity of the heart.
antiarrhythmic
agents are used to control cardiac arrhythmias
vasopressors
are drugs that cause contraction of the muscles associated with capilaries and arteries. Used to elevate the blood pressure in shock and hypotension.
nitrates
are classified as coronary vasodialtors. They cause relaxation of blood vessels and used primarily for the treatment of angina pectoris.
antihypertensive
agents are used to treat hypertension.
anticoagulant
agents are used to therapeutically to arrest or to prevent clotting.
thrombolytic
agents act to dissolve thrombus when administered soon after its occurrence.
antilipemic
agents are used to lower abnormally high blood levels of fatty substances (lipids).
vasotripsy
is crushing of a blood vessel to stop hemorrhaging.
vasoconstriction
narrowing of a blood vessel
vasodialation
widening of a blood vessel
Abbrev: arteriosclerotic heart disease
ASHD
Abbrev: atrioventricular
AV
Abbrev: blood pressure
BP
Abbrev: coronary artery disease
CAD
Abbrev: cardiac catheterization
CC
Abbrev: congestive heart failure
CHF
Abbrev: cardiomyopathy
CMP
Abbrev: cardiopulmonary resuscitation
CPR
Abbrev: electrocardiogram
ECG, EKG
Abbrev: high-density lipoprotein
HDL
Abbrev: mercury
mg
Abbrev: low-density lipoprotein
LDL
Abbrev: myocardial infarction
MI
Abbrev: millimeter
mm
Abbrev: sinoatrial (node)
S-A, SA
Abbrev: tissue plasminogen activator
tPA, TPA
Abbrev: very-low density lipoprotein
VLDL