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22 Cards in this Set

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POPE GREGORY VII
POPE WHO CRITICIZED THE PRACTICE OF LAY INVESTITURE AND BELIEVED THE POPE SHOULD HAVE COMPLETE CONTROL OF CHURCH OFFICIALS
WHY WAS CHARLEMAGNE AN EXCEPTIONAL RULER?
- NEARLY DOUBLED BORDERS
- REVIVED LEARNING
- THROUGH EDUCATION, ESTABLISHED A COMMON SET OF IDEAS
SACRAMENTS
BASIC CHURCH RITUALS (COMMUNION, BAPTISM, MARRIAGE...) -- THE CHURCHED CHARGED FEES TO PARTICIPATE AND PREACHED THOSE WHO DIDN'T TAKE PART WOULD GO TO HELL
MEROVINGIAN RULERS
EARLY KINGS OF THE FRANKISH EMPIRE: CLOVIS, CHARLES MARTEL, PEPIN THE SHORT
FEUDALISM
A POLITICAL SYSTEM BASED ON MUTUAL PROTECTION, IN WHICH KINGS GRANTED LAND TO NOBLES IN EXCHANGE FOR LOYALTY AND MILITARY AID
FIEFS
THE TERM FOR ESTATES WITH PEASANTS GRANTED TO NOBLES
VASSAL
A NOBLE WHO SERVED A NOBLE OF A HIGHER RANK
MANORIALSIM
AN ECONOMIC SYSTEM BETWEEN PEASANTS AND NOBLES IN WHICH PEASANTS PROVIDED SERVICES IN EXCHANGE FOR PROTECTION
HOMAGE
THE CEREMONY IN WHICH VASSALS PLEDGED SERVICES AND GOODS
COMMON LAW
A SYSTEM OF TRAVELING JUDGES THAT ENFORCED LAWS THROUGHOUT ENGLAND
CHIVALRY
THE CODE OF BEHAVIOR FOR KNIGHTS
ALFRED THE GREAT
KING ALFRED OF WESSEX, WHO DEFEATED THE DANES TO UNITED WHAT BECAME ENGLAND
TOUNRAMENTS
MOCK BATTLES THAT SHOWCASED KNIGHTS' SKILLS
WILLIAM THE CONQUEROR
THE DUKE OF NORMANDY, WHO WON THE BATTLE OF HASTINGS TO BE CROWNED KING OF ENGLAND
COUNTS
LOCAL OFFICIALS INITIALLY APPOINTED BY CHARLEMAGNE TO SOLVE LOCAL PROBLEMS
HERESY
THE DENIAL OF BASIC CHURCH TEACHINGS
LAY INVESTITURE
PRACTICE IN WHICH POLTICAL LEADERS GAVE SYMBOLLIC GIFTS TO THE CHURCH OFFICIALS THEY APPOINTED
BENEDICT'S RULE
THE STRICT SET OF RULES ESTABLISHED BY BENEDICT THAT PROHIBITED MONKS FROM MARRYING OR OWNING GOODS
FRANSISCAN FRIARS
WANDERING PREACHERS WHO SOUGHT TO FOLLOW THE SIMPLE LIFE OF JESUS
CARDINALS
CHURCH OFFICIALS WHO RANK DIRECTLY BELOW THE POPE
EXCOMMUNICATION
EXPULSION FROM THE CHUCH
DOMINICAN FRIARS
FRIARS WHO WERE WELL EDUCATED AND PERSUASIVE